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Jurnal Penelitian Teh dan Kina
Jurnal Penelitian Teh dan Kina is an national journal providing rapid publication of peer-reviewed articles concerned with tea and cinchona commodities based on the aspects, agronomy, plant breeding, soil science, crop protection, postharvest technology and social economy. Papers dealing with result of original research on the above aspects are welcomed with no page charge.
Articles by issue : Vol 16, No 2 (2013)
5
Articles
Synthesis of 1-azabicyclo[3.2.2]nonane from cinchonidine

Mujahidin, Didin, Hoffman, Hans Martin Rudolf

Jurnal Penelitian Teh dan Kina Vol 16, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Research Institute for Tea and Cinchona

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Abstract

The 1-azabicyclo[3.2.2]nonane is a potent building block which have important bio­logicaly activities including for Alzheimer and ashmatic treatment. The skeleton can be accessed by rearrangement of quinuclidine ring in Cinchona alkaloids. The rearrange­ment established three chiral center at C-2, C-3, and C-6. The rearrangement of qui­nuclidine moiety to azabicyclic[3.2.2]nonana system of mesylated cinchonidine took place by hydrolysis in a mixture of acetone–water (1:1) with 47% yields. The structure determination of the product and its absolute configuration of chiral centers were esta­blished by using spectroscopy data including, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, 1D NOE and HR-MS.

The performance test of plucking machine type 120 at plucking of assamica tea

Abbas, Tajudin

Jurnal Penelitian Teh dan Kina Vol 16, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Research Institute for Tea and Cinchona

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (417.531 KB)

Abstract

The rate of increase tea cost production in several tea fields could not be offered by the rate of increase selling price. The fact that the cost of plucking machine is lower than manual plucking has attracted the interest and attention of tea smallholder to change from manual plucking to plucking machine. The plucking machine which were imported from japan was not designed for assamica tea in Indonesia. In order to improving performance of plucking machine, the plucking machine need to be designed with support from the field and  appropriate machine. The aim of this trial was to test the performance of the plucking machine type-120 at plucking of assamica tea with 120 cm of spacing between rows. The plucking type used was medium plucking and kept the Kepel leaves (k +0) in the middle of the bushes using plucking method supported by the garden and the appropriate plucking machine type-120. Results obtained from the test were: (1) The using of plucking machine type-120 with medium plucking, kept the Kepel leaves (k +0), and controlled plucking height did not cause a decrease in plant health, production as well as quality of the shoots. (2) Field work capacity of plucking machine was 1.19 ha/day with work efficiency of 58.2%. (3) The ratio of plucking machine was 0.30/ha with fuel ratio of 0.33 litres/ha. The performance output of the plucking machine could be reached 224 kg/plucker as compared to only 24 kg/plucker when done manually.

The performance of fire wood stove for heat exchanger tubeless type in the fluidized bed dryer of orthodox black tea

Abbas, Tajudin

Jurnal Penelitian Teh dan Kina Vol 16, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Research Institute for Tea and Cinchona

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Abstract

The biomass potential of tea plantations such as tea pruning waste, shade tree waste and waste of tea replanting are large enough. Energy derived from biomass is a renewable energy source that environmentally friendly, and it does not cause a negative impact to the environment. Heat exchanger tubeless type can only use fossil fuel. To replace the fuel derived from biomass on the tubeless type of heat exchanger, the furnace must be designed specifically as a substitute for fuel oil burner. This paper provides the result of engineering design of tubeless type heat exchanger of and their performance in a fluidized bed dryer of orthodox black tea. Apart from that, the design suitable also for the green tea drying machines. As a substitute for fuel oil burner, the heat exchanger tubeless type can use waste of tea replanting. The ratio of fire wood was 0.90 kg per kilogram of made tea with 57.9% of the energy efficiency and 46.3% of drying energy efficiency.

Aplication of techno-marketing programme package of Indonesian orthodox black tea to analyze the Russian Federation market

Suprihatini, Rohayati

Jurnal Penelitian Teh dan Kina Vol 16, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Research Institute for Tea and Cinchona

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Abstract

In order to increase market share as well as competitiveness of Indonesian orthodox black tea in Russian Federation as the biggest Indonesian tea export destination, a research to analyze Russian Federation market applying tea techno-marketing programme package especially to finding suggestions in improving process production has been conducted. This programme consist of Data Base Management System, Knowledge Base Management System, Model Base Management System, and Dialogue Management System. Four data analysis techniques were applied namely (1) market trend, (2) comparative performa index (CPI), (3) constant market share (CMS), and (4) quality function deployment (QFD). The results showed that the Russian Federation market prefer the medium grown tea which is dominated by broken grade (91%). Minimum sensory test score for appearance of made tea, taste, aroma, and colour of liquor as well as infused leaf to be accepted in Russian Federation market were medium. To comply with a request of Russian Federation market, main production process aspects had to be improved, were the quality of tea shoots, had to be 65% minimum, and the rolling programme in factory to result in 90% of broken grades.

Effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on growth of cinchona (Cinchona ledgeriana Moens) shoot cutting Cib5 and QRC clones

Laksono, Agung Budi, Dewi, Intan Ratna, Suherman, Cucu, Santoso, Joko

Jurnal Penelitian Teh dan Kina Vol 16, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Research Institute for Tea and Cinchona

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Abstract

AbstractThe purposes of this study were to observe the effect of interaction between arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and shoot cutting of quinine clones at nursery phase of quinine (Cinchona ledgeriana Moens) and to obtain the combination dosage AMF with the best Cinchona clone. The experiment began from March until June 2013 at Research Institute for Tea and Cinchona, Gambung, Bandung, West Java, on altitude 1.250 meters above sea level, type of soil Andisol with acidity 6,28 and type of climate B based on Schmidt and Fergusson (1951). This experiment used split plot as an experimental design with two factors and four replications. The main plot factor is Cinchona clones with two levels Cibeureum 5 (Cib5) and Quinine Research Center (QRC). The subplot is dosage of AMF with four levels, they are 0 g/shoot cutting, 5 g/shoot cutting, 10 g/shoot cutting, 15 g/shoot cutting. The result showed that there is no interaction between two clones Cib5 and QRC with the four dosages AMF to all measured variable. The AMF with 15 g/shoot cutting treatment showed the best effect to the percentage of AMF infection, root volume, and root length and significant for both two clones compare with lower AMF dosage.