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BIOLINK (Jurnal Biologi Lingkungan, Industri, Kesehatan)
Published by Universitas Medan Area
Articles by issue : Vol 3, No 1 (2016): Agustus
10
Articles
Etnobotani Tumbuhan Obat di Desa Siharangkarang

Ginting, Nurmaini ( Universitas Muhammadiyah Tapanuli Selatan )

BIOLINK (Jurnal Biologi Lingkungan, Industri, Kesehatan) Vol 3, No 1 (2016): Agustus
Publisher : Program Studi Biologi, Fakultas Biologi Universitas Medan Area

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Abstract

This research was conducted in the village of Siharangkarang, Hutaimbaru, Padangsidimpuan, North Sumatra. Data obtained from the open interviews. Informant selection technique used for the pre- observation is purposive sampling method. The next interview was conducted by sampling snowbowling. It Found 41 species of medicinal plants are commonly used by people in the village Siharangkarang. 30 species of medicinal plants of 41 species that have been known to have been cultivated by the people, be it at home or  in the garden. The using of plants as medicine by the people in the village Siharangkarang cover all part  of the plant, but  the most widely of that part who  used are the leaves.

ANALISIS KANDUNGAN LOGAM Pb, Cu, Cd DAN Zn PADA SAYURAN SAWI, KANGKUNG DAN BAYAM DI AREAL PERTANIAN DAN INDUSTRI DESA PAYA RUMPUT TITIPAPAN MEDAN

Yusuf, Muhammad ( Universitas Medan Area ) , Nurtjahja, Kiki ( Universitas Sumatera Utara ) , Lubis, Rosliana ( Universitas Medan Area )

BIOLINK (Jurnal Biologi Lingkungan, Industri, Kesehatan) Vol 3, No 1 (2016): Agustus
Publisher : Program Studi Biologi, Fakultas Biologi Universitas Medan Area

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Abstract

The levels of Pb, Cu, Cd and Zn in sawi (Barsssica rapa), ground kuna (Ipomea reptans), and spinach (Amaranthus tricolor) in the area of Paya Rumput Titipapan Medan village have been done. The goal is to know the levels of these metals in vegetables grown in the agricultural area of Paya Rumput Titipapan Village. Samples taken randomly in wash drained and weighed. Wet weight then dried at a temperature of 50-100o C for 3 hours, After dry on weigh in gerus until smooth. The sample was destructed with concentrated nitric acid with temperature 80o C, the sample was analyzed by using atomic absorption spectrophotometric (AAS). The results showed the highest levels of lead found in spinach is 6 mg / kg. Levels of cadmium in kale and spinach is 3 mg / kg. While the Cu content on the analysis results are still within the maximum limit. The concentration of Pb, Cd, Zn in each sample exceeds the maximum allowed by the Decree of Dit Jend POM No 03725 / B / SKVII / 89 and SNI 7387: 2009.

Hubungan Antara Nilai Cluster of Differentiated 4 Dengan Stadium Human Immuno Deficiency Virus Pada Ibu Hamil Yang Terinfeksi HIV/AIDS

Sulastri, Sulastri ( Universitas Medan Area ) , Sartini, Sartini ( Universitas Medan Area ) , Nugrahalia, Meida ( Universitas Negeri Medan )

BIOLINK (Jurnal Biologi Lingkungan, Industri, Kesehatan) Vol 3, No 1 (2016): Agustus
Publisher : Program Studi Biologi, Fakultas Biologi Universitas Medan Area

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Abstract

Morbiditas and mortalitas caused by Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) or Acquired Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) trend increase and become an important problem peoples health in the world. Through out the 80% of children AIDS victim has a prenatal infection from their mother. The aim of this study is to know the relationship between CD4 value and HIV stadium at pregnant mother infected by HIV/AIDS. A descriptive method was applied in this experiment. The sample obtained, from 22 pregnant mothers victims diagnosed of HIV/AIDS infection in Posyansus RSUP. H. Adam Malik Medan since January 2012 until June 2013. Data obtained by measuring CD4 value before and after ARV theraphy, then statistically  analyzed. The result out showed that 12 of samples (55%) have low CD4 value before ARV theraphy below 200 m3. Than, CD4 value were increased after ARV theraphy not affected by the stadium status. CD4 value before and after ARV theraphy has a negative linear corellation with HIV stadium (r = -0,743) it can be conclude that increased of CD4 value give an indirect contribution to HIV stadium victims.

PENETAPAN BOBOT TIMBULAN SAMPAH RUMAH TANGGA DI TIGA LINGKUNGAN DI KELURAHAN BANTAN KECAMATAN MEDAN TEMBUNG KOTA MEDAN

Rizkiyah, Zakki ( Universitas Medan Area ) , Nugrahalia, Meida ( Universitas Negeri Medan ) , Lubis, Rosliana ( Universitas Medan Area )

BIOLINK (Jurnal Biologi Lingkungan, Industri, Kesehatan) Vol 3, No 1 (2016): Agustus
Publisher : Program Studi Biologi, Fakultas Biologi Universitas Medan Area

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Abstract

This reseach aims was to find out how much of the total solid waste generated both organic and inorganic solid waste weight calculation is done in the village Batan. This type of research is descriptive research with sampling propotional stratified random sampling method. From the data obtained is then perfomed calculation of average waste generation per capita per day, and presentage of the composation. Result of the study found that the average weight of waste generation on the Linkungan IX 0,30 Kg/soul/day, Lingkungan XI 0,37 Kg/soul/day and the Lingkungan XII 0,343 Kg/soul/day. The perecentage compotition of the organic waste of the Lingkungan IX at 57% and 43% inorganic waste, Lingkungan XI 54% organic and 40% for inorganic waste and Lingkungan XII where as 54% of organic waste inrganic 46%. Average weigth of waste to high-income households 1,03 Kg/soul/day, was 0,99 Kg/soul/day and allow 1:03 Kg/soul/day. The perecentage weigth of waste product by high-income households the Lingkungan IX, XI, XII respect tively 32%, 37%, 31%. Modereta income households in the Lingkungan IX, XI, XII respect tively 33%, 35%, 34%. Are for low-income households in the Lingkungan IX 31%,35% Lingkungan XI and XII 34%.

STIMULASI TUNAS PISANG BARANGAN (Musa acuminata L.) SECARA IN VITRO DENGAN BERBAGAI KONSENTRASI IBA (Indole-3-butyric acid) DAN BA (Benzyladenin)

Sihotang, Saipul ( Universitas Medan Area )

BIOLINK (Jurnal Biologi Lingkungan, Industri, Kesehatan) Vol 3, No 1 (2016): Agustus
Publisher : Program Studi Biologi, Fakultas Biologi Universitas Medan Area

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Abstract

The research aim was get the best medium combination of IBA dan BA to stimulated formation number of shoots of banana Barangan. The study used factorial experiment aranged in Completely Randomized Desigh (CRD). The treatment consisted of 2 factors. The frist factor was the IBA concentration, consisted of three levels 0,0 mg/l, 0,5 mg/l, and 1,0 mg/l. The second factor was BA concentration consisted of four level, 0,0 mg/l, 1,5 mg/l, 3,0 mg/l, and 4,5 mg/l. The result showed that combinations of IBA 0,0 mg/l and BA 0,5 mg/l was the best medium to induce shoot multiplication with 4,00 shoots explant. IBA concentrations had no significant effect on number of shoots. However, the IBA concentation affected the number of root explant.

ETNOBOTANI TUMBUHAN OBAT DI MASYARAKAT ETNIS SIMALUNGUN KABUPATEN SIMALUNGUN PROVINSI SUMATERA UTARA

Simanjuntak, Helen Anjelina ( Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Senior Medan )

BIOLINK (Jurnal Biologi Lingkungan, Industri, Kesehatan) Vol 3, No 1 (2016): Agustus
Publisher : Program Studi Biologi, Fakultas Biologi Universitas Medan Area

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Abstract

Indonesia is a country with the second largest tropical forest in the world and has a high diversity of plants that is known as one of the seven megabio-diversity countries. Great biodiversity is stored potential of nutritious plants that can be utilized further. In addition to the diversity of these plants, Indonesia is also rich with ethnic and cultural diversity with a total of 1,068 ethnicities. Various Ethnic use of plants as ethnomedisin with the uniqueness of certain herbs and way of presentation. This study aims to inventoriate medicinal plants and parts used for herbs and inventory of medicinal herbs used by the people of Simalungun. This research uses explorative survey method with informant determination using purposive sampling from 5 subdistricts namely Silimakuta, Purba, Panei, Pematang Sidamanik and Dolok Batu Nanggar. The results show that healers / Battra are Simalungun. There are 92 Types of Medicinal Plants (TO) consisting of 28 Order and 45 Family. The highest percentage of families was found in Asteraceae and Euphorbiaceae with a value of 10.87%, the percentage of plant parts used was found in the leaf with a value of 55.21%, and the most widely used medicinal ingredients in treatment were for abdominal pain with a percentage of 9, 71%.

ANALISIS BAKTERI SALMONELLA-SHIGELLA PADA KUAH SATE PEDAGANG KAKI LIMA

rahmiati, Rahmiati ( Universitas Medan Area )

BIOLINK (Jurnal Biologi Lingkungan, Industri, Kesehatan) Vol 3, No 1 (2016): Agustus
Publisher : Program Studi Biologi, Fakultas Biologi Universitas Medan Area

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Abstract

A study of Analysis Salmonella-Shigella in Sate Sauce, was conducted in Biology Laboratory, Faculty of  Biology University Medan Area. The purpose of this study was to find out the bacteria found in the street vendors sate and detect the presence of Salmonella-Shigella in the sample. The results showed that the total number of total bacteria in sample was 24 x 104 CFU. Detection of Salmonelle-Shigella was done by growing bacteria on selective medium of Salmonella Shigella Agar (SSA) and showed positive results for Salmonella bacteria presence by the change of media color from green to blue.

FORMULASI SEDIAAN GEL ANTISEPTIK TANGAN DAN UJI AKTIVITAS ANTIBAKTERI DARI EKSTRAK ETANOL DAUN PANDAN WANGI (Pandanus amaryllifolius Roxb.)

Dasopang, Eva Sartika ( Universitas Tjut Nyak Dhien ) , Simutuah, Akmal ( Universitas Tjut Nyak Dhien )

BIOLINK (Jurnal Biologi Lingkungan, Industri, Kesehatan) Vol 3, No 1 (2016): Agustus
Publisher : Program Studi Biologi, Fakultas Biologi Universitas Medan Area

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Abstract

This reseach was conducted to determine the antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Eschericia coli from pandanus fragrant ethanol extract formulated in the form of hand gel antiseptic preparations. The ethanol extract was prepared by percolation using 96% ethanol solvent. Phytochemical screening is done on fragrant pandan leaves. Evaluation of hand antiseptic gel preparations included organoleptic testing, homogeneity testing, pH determination, spreading test, stability, irritation testing and antibacterial testing of Staphylococcus aureus and Eschericia coli. The results of phytochemical screening showed that the pandanus fragrant leaves contain alkaloids, tannins, saponins, flavonoids and polyphenols. The pandanus fragrant leaves ethanol extract can be formulated into hand gel antiseptic preparations because the pH is about 6.0-7.1, the spreading power is about 5.06-5.15 cm, stable for 12 weeks and organoleptically a formula with a very 2.5% concentration Favored and does not irritate the skin. The results of antibacterial activity test showed that the preparation with concentration of 10% had the strongest activity with the diameter of 13,23 mm to Staphylococcus aureus and 13,13% to Eschericia coli almost same with dettol stock on the market with diameter 16,43mm to Staphylococcus aureus and 16 , 03% against Eschericia coli.

HUBUNGAN KEBIASAAN MEROKOK TERHADAP SMOKER MELANOSIS PADA SISWA SMA HKBP SIDORAME MEDAN

Simbolon, Green Juninas ( Universitas Medan Area ) , Sartini, Sartini ( Universitas Medan Area ) , Fauziah, Ida ( Universitas Medan Area )

BIOLINK (Jurnal Biologi Lingkungan, Industri, Kesehatan) Vol 3, No 1 (2016): Agustus
Publisher : Program Studi Biologi, Fakultas Biologi Universitas Medan Area

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Abstract

This reseacrh was conducted to determine the relationship between smoking and oral melanosis. The samples were all of male students of Sidorame high school aged 15-17 years. Data were obtained by examining volunteer’s gum and asking them to fill in the questionners given. The result showed that there were strong relationship between smoking and melanosis (r = 0.887) furthermore the R value is 0.94 which concluded that smoking contribution smokers melanosis is 94%.

PEMERIKSAAN KUALITAS AIR SUNGAI SEI KERA MEDAN DENGAN METODE SPEKTROPHOTOMETRI

Rachmi, Emi ( Universitas Medan Area ) , Nugrahalia, Meida ( Universitas Negeri Medan ) , Karim, Abdul ( Universitas Medan Area )

BIOLINK (Jurnal Biologi Lingkungan, Industri, Kesehatan) Vol 3, No 1 (2016): Agustus
Publisher : Program Studi Biologi, Fakultas Biologi Universitas Medan Area

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Abstract

Sei Kera river which is located in the district of Medan Perjuangan, Medan, North Sumatra accross the settlements with 10 villages namely Tegal Rejo, Sidorame West I, Waterquality status,Water quality standard, Storet method.Sidorame West II, Sidorame EastI, Sidorame East II, Sei Kera Hilir I, Sei Kera Hilir II, Sei Kera Hulu, Heroes and Pandau Hulu which is occupied 93.328 people. This study uses quantitative analysis is the quality of water in Sei Kerariver from the result of water quality parameters include parameters TotalofSuspended Solidsd (TSS), Chrome 6+, Chlorine, Nitrite, Fluoride, Phosphate, Sulfates, Sulfides, Nitrates, Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) and Detergents are made in 2 (two) points using purposive sampling method, the area of the river downstream at bridge on Mabar Street (point 1)and upstream bridge Cemara Street (point 2). Sampling is done within 3 (three) perod, and the data which has got is analyzed by spectrophotometry Method with approach criteria quality of water based on PP. 82 of 2001 on the Management of Water Quality and Water Pollution Control, the result is Sei Kera river from point 1 to point 2 can only meet Water Quality Standard Class III that the allocation can be used for fresh water cultivation for fish, animal husbandry, water to irrigate landscaping, and other uses that quality of water similar requirements to these purpioses.