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Tazkia Islamic Finance and Business Review
Tazkia Islamic Finance and Business Review (TIFBR) is a peer-reviewed journal published by the Institute for Research and Community Empowerment (IRCE), Tazkia University College of Islamic Economics in collaboration with Association of Islamic Economics Lecturers (ADESY). The Journal is semi-annual journal issued in July and December. The aim of the journal is to disseminate Islamic Economics, finance and business researches done by researchers both from Indonesia and overseas.
Articles by issue : Vol 9, No 1 (2015)
5
Articles
Mobile Banking for Empowerment Muslim Women Entrepreneur: Evidence from Asia (Indonesia and Bangladesh)

Nugroho, Lucky ( Universite libre de Bruxelles, Belgium ) , Chowdhury, Syed Lutful Kabir ( , Ghashful(MFI), Bangladesh )

Tazkia Islamic Finance and Business Review Vol 9, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Institute for Research and Community Empowerment (LPPM TAZKIA)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (384.158 KB)

Abstract

Objective - Women entrepreneurs have positive contribution to the household economy in particular, and the sustainable economic development in general. Nevertheless, there are limitations in mobility for women entrepreneurs, especially in Muslim countries to conduct their business activities outside the home, which was due to concern, to take care of their children, and the values or customs, which is embraced by the local community, so that limited mobility of women entrepreneurs, not because of the Islamic religiosity. Therefore, is requires form of technology solutions for women entrepreneurs, which can reduce, the limitations.Methods - literature reviewResults - the role of mobile banking as well as branchless banking for women entrepreneurs has been shown to have a very important role to connect their access to financial services. The role of education for women, is also an important factor to improve the knowledge and ability to use technology, including mobile banking services. In addition to the phenomenon of the increasing number of women entrepreneurs and the growing literacy of women in developing countries such as Indonesia and Bangladesh, it will have an impact on increasing the professionalism of women entrepreneurs, and the demand for technology-based financial services such as mobile banking.Conclusions - Implementation of this program must have the support of all stakeholders, including the cooperation between the banks with microfinance institutions to expand the reach of the benefits of this technology. Keywords: Women Entrepreneur, mobile banking, branchless banking,

Detecting The Expected Rate of Return Volatility of Financing Instruments of Indonesian Islamic Banking through GARCH Modeling (Generalized Autoregressive Conditional Heteroscedasticity)

Huda, Nurul ( YARSI University, Jakarta, Indonesia ) , Barata, Amrin ( Badan Pusat Statistik RI (Statistics Indonesia) )

Tazkia Islamic Finance and Business Review Vol 9, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Institute for Research and Community Empowerment (LPPM TAZKIA)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (385.281 KB)

Abstract

Objective - Islamic banks are banks which its activities, both fund raising and funds distribution are on the basis of Islamic principles, namely buying and selling and profit sharing. Islamic banking is aimed at supporting the implementation of national development in order to improve justice, togetherness, and equitable distribution of welfare. In pursuit of supporting the implementation of national development, Islamic banking often faced stability problems of financing instruments being operated. In this case, it is measured by the gap between the actual rate of return and the expected rate of return. The individual actual RoR of this instrument will generate an expected rate of return. This raises the gap or difference between the actual rate of return and the expected rate of return of individual instruments, which in this case is called the abnormal rate of return. The stability of abnormal rate of return of individual instruments is certainly influenced by the stability of the expected rate of return. Expected rate of return has a volatility or fluctuation levels for each financing instrument. It is also a key element or material basis for the establishment of a variance of individual instruments. Variance in this case indicates the level of uncertainty of the rate of return. Individual variance is the origin of the instrument base for variance in the portfolio finance that further a portfolio analysis. So, this paper is going to analyze the level of expected RoR volatility as an initial step to see and predict the stability of the fluctuations in the rate of return of Indonesian Islamic financing instruments.Methods – Probability of Occurence, Expected Rate of Return (RoR) and GARCH (Generalized Autoregressive Conditional Heteroscedasticity).Results - The expected RoR volatility of the murabaha and istishna financing instruments tend to be more volatile than expected RoR volatility of musharaka and qardh financing instruments.Conclusions – The uncertainity of Musharaka and qardh financing instruments tend to be more stable than other Islamic financing instruments. 

IMPLEMENTATION OF CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY (CSR) THROUGH WAQF RELATED TO LAW NUMBER 41 YEAR 2004 ON WAQF

Lita, Helza Nova ( Faculty of Law, University of Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia )

Tazkia Islamic Finance and Business Review Vol 9, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Institute for Research and Community Empowerment (LPPM TAZKIA)

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Abstract

Objective - Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is expected to continue to exist as an integral part of the management of a company. The existence of Law No. 41 Year 2004 on Waqf may be an appropriate alternative for the company to develop the concept of CSR through waqf management. Waqf is basically a form of philanthropy that is derived from Islamic law. It has its own characteristics that differentiate from other philanthropies. Characteristics of waqf  can provide a guarantee of legal protection for waqf objects that can be used to develop sustainable good deeds programs, instead of a normal charity program. The research discussess how the implementation of the concept of Corporate Social Responsibility through Waqf based on Law Number. 41 of 2004, and how the legal position of the company in the management of waqf.Methods – Analytical qualitative method on the legal aspect of waqf and theories of Islamic economics.Results - CSR within an Islamic framework includes a series of business activities in its various forms. The forms of CSR activities can be synergized through a planned management pattern, with separate funding sources.  Conclusions – The allocation of CSR through Waqf should be in accordance with the characteristics and conditions of the receiving society. Moreover, the role of  company in CSR management through waqf is either being a Wakif, Nazhir or partner of waqf institutions to improve productivity of waqf assets. Keywords : CSR, Waqf, Law

Predicting customers’ adoption of Islamic banking services in Tunisia:A Decomposed Theory of Planned Behaviour approach

Echchabi, Abdelghani ( College of Business, Effat University ) , Azouzi, Dhekra ( Faculty of Economic Sciences and Management, El Manar University, Tunisia )

Tazkia Islamic Finance and Business Review Vol 9, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Institute for Research and Community Empowerment (LPPM TAZKIA)

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Abstract

Objective -The main purpose of the study is to examine the willingness of the Tunisian customers to adopt Islamic banking services, and the factors that may influence their decision.Methods - A total of 100 questionnaires were randomly distributed to Tunisian banking customers, out of which 93 were properly filled and returned. Multiple regression and one sample t-test were subsequently applied.Results – The results showed that uncertainty, compatibility, awareness as well as subjective norm, have a significant impact on the attitude towards Islamic banking services in Tunisia. Likewise, normative belief was also found to have a significant influence on subjective norm, with particular reference to the parents, siblings, peers and colleagues, as the main referent groups. In addition, self-efficacy was found to have a significant influence on perceived behavioural control, and finally, attitude and subjective norm were found to have a significant impact on the intention to adopt Islamic banking services in Tunisia.Conclusions -Tunisian customers are willing to shift to Islamic banking services. Keywords: Tunisia, Islamic Bank, Decomposed theory of planned behaviour

Sociological Foundation of Islamic Banking Law Legislation as The Legal Umbrella of Economic and Islamic Finance Development in Indonesia

Ghafur, Abdul ( Shariah Faculty of Islamic State University (UIN) Walisongo )

Tazkia Islamic Finance and Business Review Vol 9, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Institute for Research and Community Empowerment (LPPM TAZKIA)

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Abstract

Objective - Sociologically, the existence of Law No.21/2008 on Islamic Banking in the splendor of economic development and Islamic finance is an interesting thing to observe. This paper wants to discuss the sociological foundation of Islamic banking law legislation as the legal umbrella of economic and Islamic finance development in Indonesia.Methods – qualitative Research, includes the study of law.Conclusions – At least, there are several spectrums that can be understood from the emergence of this law. First,the establishment of Islamic Banking Act is essentially a response to the provisions of Islamic law that has become the popular belief in the majority of Indonesian people who crave the realization of banking institutions which are free from usury, which is the Islamic law since his arrival in the archipelago until now classified as living law in the community. This reality is associated with the construction established by von Savigny. Second, the formation of Law No. 21/2008 concerning Islamic Banking is a response to social economic demand both nationally and globally. The presence of Islamic banks have become a necessity in managing the economy and coping with the economic crisis based on the underlying transaction. Third, the Establishment of Law No. 21/2008 concerning Islamic Banking in legal political perspective, has a basic principle, an aim and a response to the dynamic development of Indonesian society, particularly in relation to the development of Islamic economy. Fourth, formation of Islamic Banking Act affects the Islamic economic development in Indonesia, particularly in relation to the development of Islamic banking in Indonesia. Keywords:  Sociological Foundation, Islamic Banking Law, Economic Development.