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Jurnal Penelitian Politik
Jurnal Pusat Penelitian Politik-Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (P2Politik-LIPI) merupakan media pertukaran pemikiran mengenai masalah-masalah strategis yang terkait dengan bidang-bidang politik nasional, lokal, dan internasional; khususnya mencakup berba-gai tema seperti demokratisasi, pemilihan umum, konflik, otonomi daerah, pertahanan dan keamanan, politik luar negeri dan diplomasi, dunia Islam serta isu-isu lain yang memiliki arti strategis bagi bangsa dan negara Indonesia.
Articles by issue : Vol 5, No 1 (2008): Problematika Reformasi
10
Articles
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Politik Luar Negeri Indonesia: Refleksi dan Prediksi 10 Tahun

Wuryandari, Ganewati

Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 5, No 1 (2008): Problematika Reformasi
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

In the last ten years, Indonesia has seen some principal changes in international and domestic affairs. As a result, Indonesian foreign policy need to be harmonized with these changes for contemporary and fixture interests. Ideally, this harmonization need to be addressed in conceptual fr ainework and foreign policy strategy which refers to national interests projection based on priority scale and national capabilities reality. In a reflective way, this paper was looking back to the way Indonesian foreign policy in the reform era (1998-2008) responded to some international and domestic changes and how Indonesian foreign policy direction in the nest ten years might be that is based on future issues, problems and global challenges which potentially influence Indonesian foreign policy.

Peran Marketing dalam Dunia Politik

Letty Aziz, Nyimas Latifah

Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 5, No 1 (2008): Problematika Reformasi
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

The Implementation of multiparty system in Indonesia nowadays has made political parties compete in achieving their goals In order to achieve those goals political parties need strategy in catching public attention This strategy is an implementation ofmarketing science in political arena or better known as political marketing To be specific the strategy is called by marketing practitioners as product promotion price dan place (4P).

Reformasi Birokrasi Lokal Melalui Pelayanan Terpadu

Zuhro, R. Siti

Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 5, No 1 (2008): Problematika Reformasi
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

During the transition period, societal forces participated much more in the formation of policy. This suggests that the real and significant role ofsocietal forces and the strengthening of the political participation of the people has become crucial in contemporary Indonesia. Decentralization and regional autonomy would be hard to realize without the local buraeucracy being reformed. Thus, the establishment of best practices in some regions in Indonesia shows clearly that as a mater of fact, although the benefit of decentralization has not been substantively felt by most regions, some regions have been capable of making positive breakthroughs in the form of improvement of their public services either in the education sector or in healthcare like what has happened in Jembrana Regency (Bali) or services to attract investment like what the Sidoarjo Regency (East Java), Gianyar (Bali), and Tarakan (East Kalimantan) have shown.

Peran Elit Lokal dalarn Reintegrasi Gerakan Aceh Merdeka (GAM) Pasca MoU Helsinki

Basyar, M. Hamdan

Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 5, No 1 (2008): Problematika Reformasi
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

Reintegration is not an easy task There are economics politics social and psychological problems from ex combatants when they have to reintegrate with its societies Due to the complexities of reintegration problems it needs comprehensive continued and synergy cooperation among them From field research there are some conditions that need to be addressed in order to create a good reintegration program Firsth it needs to create conditions that could build integrative behaviour from some groups towards implementation of Helsinki MoU Secondly it needs to build democracy infrastructure at local level as instrument of transfunction conflict Thirdly it needs central government consistency towards integration implementation with economic basis through some programs that could transform conflict from armed conflict into political struggle Fourthly it needs to strengthen the infrastructure ofreintegration implementer institution and also to prepare transfer ofresponsibilities from central to local government Fifthly all of stakeholders in Aceh need to be endorsed to actively participate in the reintegration program in order to create a permanent conflict resolution Sixthly the reintegration program need to be built continously not only limited to compensation find In this sense the program do not act as charity but as for strengthening the economic of ex combatants and other conflict vitims The program was hoped to overcome poverty and can be implemented continously Therefore it would need an independent controller institution in order to have an appropriate reintegration program.

Nasionalisme, Demokratisasi, dan Sentimen Primordialisme di Indonesia: Problematika Identitas Keetnisan Versus Keindonesiaan (Studi Kasus Aceh, Papua, Bali, dan Riau)

Noor, Firman

Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 5, No 1 (2008): Problematika Reformasi
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

This research explores theoretically the reasons behind the emergence ofprimordial sentiment in Indonesia in the era of democratization The research indicates six factors that determine this phenomenon namely the continuation of incorrect interpretation about the true meaning of Indonesia the existence offormalistic understanding on the role ofreligion in the state economical disparity political injustice and state domination in interpreting national symbols In this regards the research finds that mismanage in governing people and the repressive tendency ofprevious government as the trigger of the emergence ofprimordial sentiment in reformasi era.

Lakuna Pemimpin Versus Kristalisasi Politik

Pabottingi, Mochtar

Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 5, No 1 (2008): Problematika Reformasi
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

For at least the last five year of the Reform Efforts in Indonesia there has been a loud clamor concerning the serious dearth of leadership precisely at the time when it is most needed a grim fact that has indeed affected the morale of the nation Indonesia has become a leaderless country Unfortunately no one tries to unravel the serious dearth At close examination we find layers of wrong political practices that has over time undermined the normal recruitment process This paper traces the layers from the very beginning of the New Order to the present stage of the Reform Efforts including negligence in political science theories The politics of depoliticization the systemic nipping of the buds of leadership the absence of regime change in the true sense of the word the hampering of the initiative for a transitional constitution the insincerity of initiative toward truth and reconciliation commission the eruption of horizontal conflicts the practice of impunity and introduction of anachronistic politics if in reverse manner along the New Order and in the current Era of Reform Efforts all this blurs the distinction between what is right and what is wrong in politics and malignantly compromising ethical standards These were eight roots that have made leadership doomed Above all however the leadership lacuna has a great deal to do with the trampling down ofthe concernfor nation andlor nationhood especially the severity of corruption among so called people s representative and with the flagrant abuse of regional autonomy The greater the political collectivity is slighted and confused withforces ofpetty irrationalities and or primordialism the more numerous the distortions of leadership become The author maintains that only a conscious undertaking towards political crystallization could Indonesia recovers its leadership i e by the inculcation of the respectability of politics and of political profession by sharpening of the understanding of our nation s blue print and by heeding the imperative of nation in democracy by separating the business ofstate from that of religion and or primordial concern and by making room for transitional rulings in the next constitutional amendment in order to get rid of the numerous vicious circles brought about by the distortions of the transitional period as well as the anachronistic policiesIf democracy is to survive it will have to employ and use every bit ofskill and knowledge and leadership it can get hold of This complicated interdependent world in which we are living cannot be run without knowledge and skill foresight and leadership (A D Lindsay)

Evaluasi Sepuluh Tahun Reformasi Polri

Siregar, Sarah Nuraini

Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 5, No 1 (2008): Problematika Reformasi
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

The reform of the Indonesian Police Institution (Polri) was one of the Indonesian reformasi deniand that began in 1998. This aspect was the reason behind the emergence of nnanv policies related with efforts to reform Polri in structural, instrumental and cultural aspects. These efforts were part of internal refornn of Polri and admittedly, it showed that there has been significant changes in Polri in terms ofits organisation system. However, these efforts have not been able to create maximum results due to some constraints, not only from internal Polri, but also from government regulation assumed to be normative. As a consequence, there were still barriers for Polri to fulfill the reformasi demand and to act in proportional and professional way.

Dinamika Kelembagaan Desa: Gampong Era Otonomi Khusus Aceh

Gayatri, Irine Hiraswari

Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 5, No 1 (2008): Problematika Reformasi
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

Study on the evolution of local traditional village governance in Aceh called gampong which conducted in Aceh Utara and Bener Meriah districts of Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam province explores the transformation of roles functions its meanings as well as efforts to revitalise them The findings show such transformation has been heavily influenced by changing political economy and social contexts that occur in Aceh and or through central government regulations.

Dinamika Peran Ulama dalam Perpolitikan Nasional Pasca-Orde Baru

Basyar, M. Hamdan

Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 5, No 1 (2008): Problematika Reformasi
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

In Indonesian national politics the ulenta clerics can be categorized in three groups First are those who percieved that religious and social Life cannot be separated There is no such separation in Islam Therefore they think that the involvement of ulema in a daily political matters is an obligation This group of ulerna play significant role and actively involved in political party Second those who also think that religious and social life including politics cannot be separated But they think it is not necessary for them to involve in political practice This group of ulenta even they concern with political and statehood problem they do not play as opponents of one of political party openly In the election this group of ulema participate to vote one of contestant but they do not participate in one of political party campaign Third those who do not care with political life They think that political life is not their significant concern This group limit their role only in moral religious matters They avoid political life as then think that it is too material world.

Masalah Kelen bagaan Partai Politik di Indonesia Pasca-Orde Baru

Romli, Lili

Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 5, No 1 (2008): Problematika Reformasi
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

In contemporary reform era political parties in Indonesia facing many problems. The public image of political party was not good due to their lack of capabilities to function well. This functional problem derived from the institutional problem of political parties. In this paper, there are three crucial institutional problems that have to be solved by political party: 1) ideology and platform; 2) cohesivity and conflict management; and 3) political recruitment and forming of cadres.