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Jurnal Penelitian Politik
Jurnal Pusat Penelitian Politik-Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (P2Politik-LIPI) merupakan media pertukaran pemikiran mengenai masalah-masalah strategis yang terkait dengan bidang-bidang politik nasional, lokal, dan internasional; khususnya mencakup berba-gai tema seperti demokratisasi, pemilihan umum, konflik, otonomi daerah, pertahanan dan keamanan, politik luar negeri dan diplomasi, dunia Islam serta isu-isu lain yang memiliki arti strategis bagi bangsa dan negara Indonesia.
Articles by issue : Vol 4, No 1 (2007): Demokrasi Mati Suri
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Articles
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MYANMAR DAN MATINYA PENEGAKAN DEMOKRASI

Irewati, Awani

Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 4, No 1 (2007): Demokrasi Mati Suri
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

Abstract Democratization in Myanmar is the most prevalent issue for international society The world takes the issue because the country has beenfor decades under authoritarian regime since militaryjunta takeover the government via coup d etat Since 1990 general election which had been won by National League for Democracy NLD the Military Junta Tatmadaw still ruled the country as a sole authoritarian regime Transition to democracy which been pledged by thejunta has not shown any positive outcome The paper is sought to answer two questions base on the actualpolitical circumstance in Myanmar how is theprogress ofdemocratic and human rights enforcement that has been pushed by pro democratic people in Myanmar The second question will bring our attention to the power ofthe prolonged militaryjunta in Myanmar Even though Myanmar has been under economic sanction and isolatedfrom international society there is no evidence that the military junta will come to an end Based on literature study as the main source ofdata collecting approach this paper bringsforward two conclusions Those two conclusions emerge from the existing internal and external political condition ofMyanmar Internal political condition shown that ethnical diversity in Myanmar is main obstaclefor establishing oppositional coalition against the military junta Ethnic in Myanmar is separated in fictionalized movement against the ruling authoritarian regime since colonial era It is still complicated until recent time to build a coalition from pro democratic movement in Myanmar The second conclusion is coming from the international society in putting more pressure towards the ruling regime It is goodfor the UN and the international society notjust isolating and sanctioning Myanmar but also approaching Myanmar using the influence ofthe third country China is good to become a promoter political reformation in Myanmar since China is the only country that still maintains a close relation with Myanmar This approach is to give more emphasis for Myanmar government to comply with its own pledge toward democratic transition in its own country.

REALITAS DAN PROSPEK HUBUNGAN ASEAN-CINA

Sinaga, Lidya Christin

Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 4, No 1 (2007): Demokrasi Mati Suri
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

ASEAN-China Relations Realities and Prospects,Saw Swee-Hock, Sheng Lijun, Chin Kin Wah (Ed.)(Singapore Institute of Southeast Asian Studies ,2005) XIX, 366+index

KEGAGALAN PARTAI POLITIK MENARIK SIMPATI RAKYAT: Urgensi Sebuah Paradigma Baru Partai Politik

Noor, Firman

Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 4, No 1 (2007): Demokrasi Mati Suri
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

This paper encourages political parry to take into account a new paradigm in conducting their activities in Indonesia today. By emphasizing the importance ofcareness and the commitment ofserving people, as the essence ofthe new paradigm for political parties, this paper believe that this paradigm is actually in line with the spirit of the national political history and a contemporary understanding of politics. This paper considers that this paradigm is important to enhance the relation between people and the political party also, to regain the trust of the people, which in the end will preserve the existence ofdemocracy in Indonesia.

MASALAH SENJATA NUKLIR DAN MASA DEPAN PERDAMAIAN DUNIA

Yustiningrum, Emilia

Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 4, No 1 (2007): Demokrasi Mati Suri
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

North Korean nuclear arms test has shocked international communityfor the coming up of a new nuclear state Despite the United Nations sanction on nuclear arms test North Korea tried to prove herself against United States political domination on regulating the world nuclear arms However the test has raised thefear on misuse ofnuclear arms particularly among the states in the East Asia region As the result six countries United States Russia Japan China South Korea and North Korea had the idea to sit together on the negotiation table to solve the North Korean nuclear arms named six party talks Unfortunately each of the six party talk s member has different political interest in solving the problem This situation gave comfortable spacefor North Korea to develop their nuclear arms and lived the international community infear ofthe spread ofnuclear arms all over the world.

NEGARA DAN MASYARAKAT DALAM RESOLUSI KONFLIK DI INDONESIA (Daerah Konflik Kalimantan Barat dan Kalimantan Tengah)

Cahyono, Heru

Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 4, No 1 (2007): Demokrasi Mati Suri
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

An explosion ofethnic conflicts in West Kalimantan 1999 andCentral Kalimantan 2001 shook the entire area Media reports ofwidespread violence often including beheadings cannibalism and ethnic cleansing In both case a single ethnic group migrants from the island of Madura was targeted and accounted for the overwhelming majority of victims State have a little role to push conflict resolution Jakarta s tardy response read clearly in both cases especially in Central Kalimantan We very shockly how can violence killed hundreds ofpeople The state s response to mass murders killed has been too little and too late National intervention is usually required But because the state lacks an national rapid response force and because state has so far been either paralyzed or unwilling to act mass killing has gone unchecked The Madurese in West and Central Kalimantan were particularly hard hit by these conflicts Most had to abandon their homes and livelihoods and seek shelter in safe areas in the Kalimantan orfarther away in Madura Recently most internally displacedpersons IDPs from the 2001 Central Kalimantan conflict have begun returning however IDPs from the West Kalimantan district ofSambas who fled during the 1999 conflict have been barred from returning to their homes Locals and returnees note an increased on physical intimidation an unwelcome situation and a general sense ofinsecurity Although years have passed since the conflicts erupted resolution is still elusive for many people The peace process in Sambas West Kalimantan still stagnant and should be re launched to enable the return ofIDPs.

DINAMIKA IIUBUNGAN AUSTRALIA ASIA TIMUR (1997 2005)

Elisabeth, Adriana

Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 4, No 1 (2007): Demokrasi Mati Suri
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

In this summary, Australia East Asian relations cover Australia bilateral, regional and multilateral relations with Cina Indonesia Japan and Singapore during 1997-2005. In this regard, there are five strategic issues, which have impacts to these relations. They are trade and investment, energy security, international migration, bioterrorism. and border issues. Australia-East Asian relations is also affected by the Asian Crisis in 1997, and domestic political conditions in individual East Asian countries, particularly Indonesia.

DEMOKRATISASI DAN DEKONSTRUKSI IDEOLOGI GENDER ORDE BARU

Dewi, Kurniawati Hastuti

Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 4, No 1 (2007): Demokrasi Mati Suri
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Abstract

The collapse ofthe New Order since May 1998 has opened the door for democratization In turn democratization and influence of the international fora on women have facilitated the improvement of Indonesian women s role and position in the public sphere The improvement is highlighted by the deconstruction ofthe New Order gender ideology state ibuism as can be seen from the spread ofthe discourse ofwomen role in the public sphere and the changing orientation of the Government Program from practical gender interest in the New Order to strategic gender interest in the Reform Era However the conceptual and structural improvements face difficulty This is because grass root society keeps negative stereotype on women Thisfact indicates that the efforts to raise women s role and position in the public sphere is not only needed conceptual and structural reform but also cultural reform ofgrass root society s perception on women.

SIKAP PEMILIH TERHADAP PASANGAN CALON KEPALA DAERAH MENJELANG PILKADA LANGSUNG DI KOTA BITUNG

Lumolo, Johny

Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 4, No 1 (2007): Demokrasi Mati Suri
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

The purpose of General Election including in Local Government (Pemerintah Daerah) is to create a democratic government based on the principle of the people, by the people andfor the people. In so doing, the process of General Election must be colored by transparency and accountability principle. In line with this notion this research portray empirical condition surrounding Local Government General Election (Pemilihan Kepala Daerah) in Bitung Municipality in year 2004. As an explorative study, this research utilizes survey technique to draw respondents opinion which will be presented in a descriptive analysis method. This research aims to analyze attitudes ofthe voters in determining their preferences, the reason of their decision and the influence ofmoney politics on the voters decision. This research confirms that most of the voters choose the candidates based on three main reasons as they know the candidates very well they believe in the candidates personal character figur and they have an ideological bond with the candidate However the effect of ideology is only apparent among PDI P voters as they consistently choose candidates from PDI P while others voters are likely to choose the candidates based on thefigur On the contrary with the common perception about effect ofmoney politics this research indicates that in this case money politics is less effective in influencing the voters decision to choose the candidates.

PROBLEMATIKA MINORITAS MUSLIM DI KANADA DAN PERANCIS

Afadlal, Afadlal

Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 4, No 1 (2007): Demokrasi Mati Suri
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

In this summary the research on the problem of Moslem minority in Canada and France is to describe how Moslem as minority in western country affected by state and social bias after 9111 Tragedy Interaction between Moslem as minority and immigrant community and white people community in western country has long been biased withprejudice and intolerance This research is to describe how differences between those two communities have brought about an indecisive integration restrained cultural assimilation Bringing the gap between two different communities has become the major concern but the result is a long way to come The main problem of integration Moslem community in western country is strong alienation oflslamic value by white people in western community For Moslem community in Canada and France there is also a growing inclination toward divergence in coping with western culture For western community the causes are strong ethnocentrisms and nativity ofwhite people that comefrom a feeling ofcultural supremacies Thosefactors have constrained new socialformation in western community.