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Jurnal Penelitian Politik
Jurnal Pusat Penelitian Politik-Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (P2Politik-LIPI) merupakan media pertukaran pemikiran mengenai masalah-masalah strategis yang terkait dengan bidang-bidang politik nasional, lokal, dan internasional; khususnya mencakup berba-gai tema seperti demokratisasi, pemilihan umum, konflik, otonomi daerah, pertahanan dan keamanan, politik luar negeri dan diplomasi, dunia Islam serta isu-isu lain yang memiliki arti strategis bagi bangsa dan negara Indonesia.
Articles by issue : Vol 2, No 1 (2005): Politik Pemerintahan Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
9
Articles
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Comparison of The Political Perceptions Between Radical Islam and Moderate Islam in Indonesia in The Reform Era

Noor, Firman

Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 2, No 1 (2005): Politik Pemerintahan Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

Era reformasi telah menjadi saksi bagi munculnya beragam bentuk pemikiran dan aksi politik yang dilakukan oleh umat Islam di Indonesia. Secara umum aksi dan pemikiran itu diwakili oleh dua model pandangan, yakni pandangan radikal dan moderat. Kalangan radikal, yang dalam tulisan ini diwakili oleh beberapa ormas Islam kontemporer berpandangan bahwa agama Islam memiliki sebuah alternatif yang kongkrit bagi bangsa Indonesia untuk menuju sebuah perubahan, sehingga sudah sepantasnya jika ajaran Islam diaplikasikan secara kaffah (menyeluruh). Sementara kalangan moderat, yang diwakili oleh partai politik Islam, meski secara umum menyetujui bahwa Islam memiliki konsep didalam kehidupan politik, berpandangan bahwa aplikasi yang hendaknya dilakukan harus bersifat kontekstual dengan melihat kenyataan sejarah dan keragaman sosial dan budaya bangsa. Tulisan ini berupaya untuk membedah pemikiran politik kedua kelompok ini dengan mengetengahkan persepsi keduanya seputar masalah peran Islam dalam politik, hubungan syariah dan negara, keberadaan Pancasila dan demokrasi.

Konflik Elite Politik di Pedesaan: Relasi antara Badan Perwakilan Desa dan Pemerintah Desa

Cahyono, Heru

Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 2, No 1 (2005): Politik Pemerintahan Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

Rurai Representative Body (Badan Perwakilan Desa) claims their institutions bring the people aspirations, but in reality BPD shows themselves as an elitist and failed to express peoples voice. Large authority that is possessed by BPD, such as suggesting the regent to dismiss the head of the village from his job, has been endorsed the grow of politicization ofBPD by its members.This new uniformity policy has caused a dilemma, because not all village in Indonesia are ready to take representative democracy model. The rule of law assumes village as an administrative units and extremely formal. It also simplificate the heterogenity or plurality of village s in Indonesia, such as ignoring the variety oflocal milieu and local condition, cultural differences, and social structure differences in society.

Kritik atas Determinisme dalam Model Transisi Demokrasi

Sriyanto, Nanto

Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 2, No 1 (2005): Politik Pemerintahan Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

Democratization has spilled over to many new transitional countries. Democratization is a model firstly stated by Rustow in 1970s to distinguish it from democracy. The Model assumes that genesis andfunction of democracy is different. The model emphasizes dynamic role of strategic actors or elite topromote democratization through bargaining process. Since then, the model has been modified with some ad hoc argument takenfrom new evidences. Since the model only give emphasize to dynamic role of strategic actors, it has produce deterministic conclusion. The determinism ofthe model is caused by disregard of structural and non-political factor. Ifthe model is deterministic, can the liberal democracy that taken as ideal purpose ofdemocratic transition unbounded from determinism ofthe model? Is there another model of democracy that contains local aspect ofmany transition States?

Diplomasi Belanda dan Indonesia dalam Sengketa Irian Barat, 1949-1950: Sebuah Kajian Historis

Ahmed, Siswanto

Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 2, No 1 (2005): Politik Pemerintahan Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

This article would like to understand the history of diplomacy ofDutch and Indonesia in West Papua dispute in 1949 to 1950. According to historical documents, West Papua dispute has begun since Round Table Conference in 1949. In that Conference, the delegation of Dutch and Indonesian agreed to renegotiate West Papua problem one year after the Conference. In April 1950, Dutch and Indonesia negotiated the problem in Jakarta, but both countries could not produce a significant commitment. In December 1950 Dutch and Indonesia held a Special Conference in Hague in order to solve the problem, but once again they are failed. The peace proposal which is introduced by both countries is so contradicted one another. At last, West Papua dispute could not be negotiated successfully because Dutch did not have serious intention to transfer West Papua to Indonesia.

Membongkar Keterlibatan Pejabat-Pejabat AS dalam Serangan 9/11

Dewi, Rosita

Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 2, No 1 (2005): Politik Pemerintahan Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

The attacks of September llh, 2001 (9/11) have often compared with the attacks of Pearl Harbor because the American response to 9/11 attacks is similar with American response to Pearl Harbor. But actually these comparison is unjustified, because both events are in different conditions, and the attacks of 9/11 seems to be deliberated event. Because so many evidence pointed out to complicity ofthe US official in 9/11 attacks. There are at least eight possibilities ofthe US official complicity. These possibilities can be understood in many way s, several of them did not involved and several of them are involved in active planning.

Politik Luar Negeri Pemerintahan Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono terhadap Eropa

Rahman, Agus R

Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 2, No 1 (2005): Politik Pemerintahan Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

The airns ofthis paper is to explain the important ofEurope in President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono foreign policy. The approach ofthis research is based on individual factor as determinant factor that effect Indonesian foreign policy which is conseptualized infour components. The result ofthis research is Europe is not the main priority in Indonesian foreign policy under President SBY because Europe does not have clear position due to their several domestic problems and because the main priority in Indonesian foreign policy is based on two pillars of regionalism, such as ASEAN and APEC.

Dinamika Minoritas Muslim di Amerika Serikat

Kartini, Indriana

Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 2, No 1 (2005): Politik Pemerintahan Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

The September 11, 2001 attacks against the United States has become the tragedy for American society, including muslim minority in America. In the days following September 11, many people in America points afinger at a Muslim terror suspect. Muslims and people from various ethnic who appeared to be of Middle Eastern decent become the victims of discrimination and harrasment. The tragedy of September llh, has become the turning point for Bush administration to conduct atough policy in order to fight terrorism. President George W. Bush has dramatically overreacted to the September 11 attacks. It is bitterly ironic that it was Bush s statements condemning secret evidence policy and profiling that earned him the endorsement ofthe Muslim-American block vote in the last elections in the year 2000. However, today Bush administration expand these practices by conducting the USA PATRIOT Act with reckless abandon. The purpose ofthis research was to explore the problems faced by Muslim related to their position as minority in America and how they response to their problems.

Pemerintahan Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono dan Politik Luar Negeri Indonesia

Inayati, Ratna Shofi

Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 2, No 1 (2005): Politik Pemerintahan Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

In his early presidential time President SBY took a series of visits to Australia, New Zealand and East Timor following his visit to Malaysia and Singapore a month before as his first step to start the Indonesian Diplomacy. In the next step, he also prepare to visit US and EU during May 2005. It indicates that President SBY still continues the basic strategy in the implementation of Indonesian Foreign Policy by President Megawati. Since the New Order govemment, Indonesia has adopt the Concentric Circle Formula as the base theory in the implementation of Indonesian Foreign Policy, putting emphasis on relation with countries within a series of concentric circles. The first concentric circle is ASEAN which is regarded as the comer stone of Indonesian foreign policy.The second circle, Indonesia puts a special emphasis on promoting relations with its Eastern and Southern neighbour, bringing Indonesian engagement with the Pacific Islands Forum, The South West Pacific Dialogue and the Tripartite Consultation between Indonesia, Australia and East Timor. Within the second concentric circle also includes Japan, China and South Korea in the ASEAN +3 forum.Beyond that, Indonesia puts in important attention to the relation with its major economic partners as US and EC, as regarded as the third concentric circle.

Sikap Indonesia dalam Menghadapi Kejahatan Lintas Negara: Illegal Logging di Kalbar dan Kaltim

Irewati, Awani

Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 2, No 1 (2005): Politik Pemerintahan Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
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Abstract

In Indonesia, illegal logging is a massive problem that never ending. It is the problem that has resulted in demoralizing the rule of law and substantial revenues to the state. It is the cause of forest crimes, and has serious economic and social implications to the poor societies in the border. Therefore, the activites of illegal logging and illegal border trade in the Indonesia-Malaysia border have to be eradicated as soon as possible. In responding the problem, the two actors (govemment and non govemment) have to build cooperation in coping with this problem. Beside that, the govemment has to be able to take personal approach to the Malaysian govemment in dealing with this problem. This paper presents the mapping of illegal logging in the Kalbar, Kaltim - Sarawak, Sabah border lines, and answer the question of what responses the govemment and non govemment take in that problem.