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Jurnal Penelitian Politik
Jurnal Pusat Penelitian Politik-Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (P2Politik-LIPI) merupakan media pertukaran pemikiran mengenai masalah-masalah strategis yang terkait dengan bidang-bidang politik nasional, lokal, dan internasional; khususnya mencakup berba-gai tema seperti demokratisasi, pemilihan umum, konflik, otonomi daerah, pertahanan dan keamanan, politik luar negeri dan diplomasi, dunia Islam serta isu-isu lain yang memiliki arti strategis bagi bangsa dan negara Indonesia.
Articles by issue : Vol 1, No 1 (2004): Pemilu Legislatif 2004
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Articles
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Kontrak Sosial dan Pemilihan Umum

Sanit, Arbi

Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 1, No 1 (2004): Pemilu Legislatif 2004
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

Social contract is a conception about new p ow e r relationship between elite and people which is formulated in order to fulfill a d em an d fo r p o litica l renewal which is need a continuity, not stagnation nor deterioration. We need to reconstruct any aspect o f social contract theory in order to understand about social contract relevance with general election. The general election as a contract social guaranteed rights and obligation ofthe voters and the leaders. The contract mechanism between voters and political candidate is related by trust. The object o f trust itse lf in general election is morality. The political contract consistency based on trust is afoundation fo r building a State as a moral entity, which is made by morally human being.

Pemilu Legislatif 2004 di Aceh: Antara Intimidasi, Partisipasi dan Mobilisasi Politik

Nurhasim, Moch

Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 1, No 1 (2004): Pemilu Legislatif 2004
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

The 2004 legislative election in Aceh descrihing a very fundamental change of political constellation. The powetful o fth e Islamic basis party is an astonished phenomenon in the political constellation of Aceh based on the 2004 legislative election results. However, the victory of Golkar party which is in balanced with PPP (Partai Persatuan Pembangunan) must be underlined that this New Order party in Aceh is also powetful. Eventhough there are fundamental political changes, we stillfind an intimidation, terror, and political mobilisation in the 2004 legislative election. It happened because of this election was carried out in military emergency situation.

Pemilih Hijau di Kota Santri: Kasus Pemilu 2004 di Pekalongan

Basyar, M. Hamdan

Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 1, No 1 (2004): Pemilu Legislatif 2004
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

The victory ofthe political party that carries the Islamic symbol or well known as the "green" (this is not to be confused with the green politics in ecological term) in the 2004 election in Pekalongan Regency, can not directly be implied that they will propose the "green" symbol (it is just like Islamic sharia, etc). The Pekalongan people and their influential leaders are more pragmatic to their interests than imposing the "green" politics. Furthermore, the Green didnt absolutely win in the local parliament. It has only a few more number than the "red" and "yellow" symbols. This means that the Green solidity is still questioned. A similar event of200I -when the election ofthe Mayor and the Deputy of Mayor was taken place- could happen again. In that time the Green was fragmented, fighting with their own individual or party interests. Therefore, the Pekalongan people needs to prove that their city deserve a called "the Santri City" -a city o f Islamic scholar-. The victory of the political party with the Green symbol doesnt have any effect yet, without real implementation in their daily life.

Strategi Kontemporer Partai-partai Politik di Indonesia 2004-2009

Tryatmoko, Mardyanto Wahyu

Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 1, No 1 (2004): Pemilu Legislatif 2004
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

The public perception and choice to a specific political party or politician, which based on intuition or rationality, are absolutely depended on historical experiences and the rise o f discourse oj political parties and politicians behavior it selves. However, every performance o f political parties with all of their conflicting interests that happens to them is directly influenced by the electoral and parties system. On the other hand, this system converts votes in the polling booth into seats in the assembly and simultaneously converts the behavior o f political parties -including the politicians- on the intra or extra parliament. In the meantime, when the people are in deep participation towards democratization o f the electoral and parties system, will political parties be able to be more mature and wise as their role, including fairly competition during elections? Will the national bad experiences be made a sfu e l o f struggle that is stated in their programs? It is not false, if undecided voters and violence by the people because o f an endless oligarchy usually respond these questions. One of Solutions that can avoid it is the maturity o f political culture and the reinforcement o f parties system.

Partai Islam dan Pemilih Islam di Indonesia

Romli, Lili

Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 1, No 1 (2004): Pemilu Legislatif 2004
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

The resurgent o f Islamic parties occurs in the reform era because o f many factors which are theological, sociological, historical, reformation and democratization. Unfortunately the resurgent of Islamic parties cannot be endorsed by the Islamic voters. This can be seen from a small and unsignificant vote reached by the Islamic parties. In the 1999 general election, the Islamic parties only have !7,8 percent vote and in the 2004 general election only have 21,17percent vote. This small and unsignificant vote o f the Islamic parties happened because o f fragmentation o f Islamic parties and ideological orientation change o f Islamic voters.

Partai Politik, Pemilu, dan Pemerintahan Rusia

Yustiningrum, Emilia

Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 1, No 1 (2004): Pemilu Legislatif 2004
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

The changing of Russian domestic politics has been running fast. Many political changings have been caused by the internal push factors that have changed political policies dramatically against the past. The political changing has covered the changing o f political party system from single part into multiparty system. The unpopular election at the national level in the past has been changed into the need to do the election at the national level either to the Parliaments members or the President. The following political changing covered the push to change the role o f government institution to be more structuralized and not centralized anymore into one single position. These domestic political changings were the sign of running to be democratic State. This study has the aim to analyze the historical changing o f Russian domestic politics that has been the basic argument for the future o f political condition.

Pelanggaran Pemilu Legislatif 2004

Cahyono, Heru

Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 1, No 1 (2004): Pemilu Legislatif 2004
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

In general, the campaign period in the legislative election has passed in a safe and orderly way. But, in the whole process o f general election, we stillfind many basic problem ofviolation. There are many violations consists of administrative violations and criminal violations. The political parties still using public funds and facilities fo r their own interests. People alleged that all big parties have been involved in someform o f vote-buying, known as money politics which included the distribution of free basic needs, free medical Services and transportation fees. Thisfact contrary to the agreement signed by the political party before the 2004 election day o f which agree to avoid any type and motives of violence in order to reach objectives and to settle problems. The Election Supervisory Committees (Panwaslu) -which is established with the main purpose o f supervising elections failed to carn out an effective supervising especially in money politics violation and manipulation o f vote count result.

Pemilu Parlemen ke-7 dan Prospek Gerakan Reformasi di Iran

Kartini, Indriana

Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 1, No 1 (2004): Pemilu Legislatif 2004
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

Reformism is the belief that gradual changes in a society can change its fundamental structures. This belief also has a great influence in the mind o f many Iranian people whose struggle for a change, including the mullahs and politicians that led them changed their face from radical to moderat e in a tremendous movement called the reform movement. This movement has crystallized since Mohammad Khatami has been elected as the President o fthe Islamic Republic o f Iran in 1997 and this event became the first victory o fth e reform movement. The second victory was obtained by the reformist or the leftist in the 6th parliamentary (Majlis) election in 2000, which strengthened the reform movement. But the scene o f victory now has been turning back into the hands o f the conservative or the rightist. In the 7lh parliamentary election, the rightist who has changed to pragmatic face won the majority o f the Majlis seat. This political change happened because of the disillusioned of Iranian people has frustrated by the leftist due to their failure to bring into reality their reform promises. Therefore, solving the peoples problem will be the big task o f the seventh Majlis, regardless o f which faction forms the majority.