10 Dec 2018
Political parties are means for citizens to take part or participate in the process of state management. However, if delivered by individual, such participation is sometimes neglected or unheard of and therefore it is channeled, accommodated and processed through political parties. Many irregularities take place at the level of budget policy which allegedly harm the state and bring about economic loss, thus meet the formulation of norms of corruption. Problems in this research are (1). Why political parties, as legal entities, can be accounted for in the criminal act of corruption? (2). What form of accountability of political parties in criminal act of corruption? As legal entities,political parties can be held accountable for criminal corruption based on the formulation of norms established in the national context, and on sociological tendencies which reflect the act of corruption or its impact. The basic criminal liability is in the form of fines and additional criminal penalty which is difficult and weak in practice. This research uses socio-legal approach.Law enforcers are able to carry out the formulation of norms of accountability for criminal acts of corruption of political parties as legal entities, as well as take into consideration on the action/effects of corruption. Encourage the parliament to immediately ratify the R-Criminal Code which has established the doctrine of vicarious liability to support law enforcement in the future. Recommend the renewal of basic criminal formulation against political parties outside of criminal penalties.
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