Amerta Nutrition
Vol 2, No 4 (2018): AMERTA NUTRITION

Hubungan Kepatuhan Minum Obat Anti Diabetik dengan Regulasi Kadar Gula Darah pada Pasien Perempuan Diabetes Mellitus


Nanda, Oryza Dwi, Wiryanto, Bambang, Triyono, Erwin Astha



Article Info

Publish Date
01 Dec 2018

Abstract

Background: Blood glucose level controlling is the important thing for diabetes mellitus treatment. Diabetics patients need to understand the factors which influence blood glucose level such as the compliance of anti-diabetic drug.Objective: Determine the relationship and the risk of between oral anti-diabetic drug consumption adherence and blood glucose level regulation for diabetes mellitus female patients.Method: Case control study design with purposive sampling technique, in order to obtain 26 research samples which consist of two groups, they are case group (unregulated blood glucose) which has 13 samples and the control group (regulated blood glucose) whice has 13 samples. The samples are female respondents aged 45-59 years old suffering diabetes mellitus. This research analyzed the relationshipand risk between anti-diabetic consumption adherence and blood glucose level regulation in diabetes mellitus patients using chi-square test.Results: Patients with unregulated blood glucose showed 46.2% people were obedient and 53.8% were not obedient in consuming anti-diabetic drugs. Patients with regulated blood glucose showed 92.3% people were obedient and 7.7% people were not obedient in consuming anti-diabetic drugs. Chi square test showed that there was a relationship between anti-diabetic drugs consumption adherence and blood glucose level regulstion for diabetes mellitus patients with p = 0.015 (p <0.05) and an OR value of 14 with a 95% CI (1.385-141.485), which means that unobedient have 14 times risker suffered terrible blood glucose regulation than obedient patients.Conclusion: There was a relationship between anti-diabetic drug consumption adherence and blood glucose level regulation in female patients aged 45-59 years in Mojo Health Center, Pucang Sawu, and Keputih Surabaya. Patients with uncontrolled blood sugar level are more disobedient in consuming anti-diabetic drugs. Meanwhile, patients with controlled blood glucose were most obedient people in consuming anti-diabetic drugs.ABSTRAKLatar Belakang: Pengendalian kadar gula darah merupakan hal yang penting dalam penanganan diabetes melitus. Pasien diabetes perlu memahami faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi pengendalian kadar gula darah salah satunya adalah kepatuhan minum obat anti diabetik.Tujuan:  Mengetahui hubungan dan besar risiko kepatuhan minum obat oral anti diabetik dengan regulasi kadar gula darah pada pasien perempuan diabetes mellitus.Metode: Desain penelitian kasus kontrol dengan teknik purposive sampling, sehingga diperoleh 26 sampel penelitian yang terdiri dari dua kelompok yaitu kelompok kasus (gula darah tidak teregulasi) sebanyak 13 dan kelompok kontrol (gula darah teregulasi) sebanyak 13 responden perempuan berusia 45-59 tahun yang menderita diabetes melitus. Hubungan dan besar risiko kepatuhan minum obat anti diabetik dengan regulasi gula darah pasien diabetes mellitus menggunakan uji chi-square. Hasil: Pasien dengan gula darah tidak teregulasi menunjukkan sebanyak 46,2% patuh dan 53,8% tidak patuh dalam minum obat anti diabetik. Pasien dengan gula darah teregulasi menunjukkan sebanyak 92,3% patuh dan 7,7% tidak patuh dalam minum obat anti diabetik. Uji chi square menunjukkan terdapat hubungan antara kepatuhan minum obat anti diabetik dengan regulasi kadar gula darah pada pasien diabetes melitus dengan nilai p=0,015 dan nilai OR sebesar 14 dengan CI 95% (1,385-141,485) yang berarti responden yang tidak patuh minum obat anti diabetik berisiko 14 kali mengalami regulasi gula darah yang buruk dibandingkan dengan pasien yang patuh dalam minum obat anti diabetik.Kesimpulan: Terdapat hubungan antara kepatuhan minum obat anti diabetik dengan regulasi gula darah pada pasien perempuan rawat jalan usia 45-59 tahun di Puskesmas Mojo, Pucang Sawu, dan Keputih Surabaya. Pasien dengan kadar gula darah tidak terkontrol lebih banyak tidak patuh dalam minum obat anti diabetik, sedangkan pada pasien dengan gula darah terkontrol sebagian besar cukup patuh dalam minum obat anti diabetik.


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Original Source : https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/AMNT/article/view/9432
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Journal Info

Abbrev

AMNT

Publisher

Subject

Health Professions Medicine & Pharmacology Nursing Public Health Other

Description

Amerta Nutrition (p-ISSN:2580-1163; e-ISSN: 2580-9776) is a peer reviewed open access scientific journal published by Universitas Airlangga. The scope for Amerta Nutrition include: public health nutrition, community nutrition, clinical nutrition, dietetics, food science and food service management. ...