14 Mar 2018
It seems like there is no end of the discussion of khilÄfah (Caliphate). In Indonesia, recent âissues concerning khilÄfah encompasses a claim that khilÄfah rejects or in a confrontation âwith Pancasila.Â Pro and Contra ideas came out bringing several argumentation from âeach sides, and it is clear that a detail discussion with valid analysis and authentic âevidences are truly demanded to argue, is system of khilÄfah contrast with Pancasila or in âreverse? To answer such a question, this paper will explain concept of khilÄfah from âperspective of Taqiyyudin al-Nabhani, one of Muslim figure defending khilÄfah. His idea âand discourse has spread in various countries including Indonesia. The argumentations âconsist in this paper are: the origin of concept of khilÄfah, figur of chaliph, system of âDaulah Islamiyah, foreign and domestic political policy according to khilÄfah, and an âeffort to esablish khilÄfah according to Taqiyyudin al-Nabhani. Moreover, this paper will âelaborate the similarities between khilÄfah and Pancasila in their government system as âwell. Through a discussion referring to Nabhaniâs writing such as Nizam al-Islam, Nizam âal-Hukm fi al-Islam, al-Muwassaâ wa Munaqqah bi âabdil al-Qadim Zallum, al-Daulah al-âIslamiyyah, and Al-Syakhsiyah al-Islamiyyah, it is concluded that khilÄfah does not âcontradict or confront Pancasila. From its historical aspect, the rising of khilÄfah and âPancasila utilizes a conformable principles such as prioritizing a principle of deliberation, âreligious morality and spirituality, social justice and welfare.
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