08 Mar 2018
This paper examines the political thought of Ali Abdul Raziq, a Egyptian Muslim figure. âHis political idea convinces a controversy between Muslim and Western scholars. Back In his âcountry, he is opposed by a number of Muslim scholars because his thought bothered some parties. His idea, particularly arguing that that politic and religion are indeed two different âthings; politic is substantially khila>fah, qadaâ and governmental âtask matters which derived from mundane perspectives, while religion, in the other hands underlies merely the issue of Muslim faith. His thought is highly appreciated by Westerners âand even considered as a crucial progress of politic in Islam. Antony âBlack, for instance.Â He praised Ali as the revolutionist. In spite of it, it is crucial for readers to realize that the âessence of argument given by Ali is anemic and contrast to Islam. Therefore, it is a need to examine Aliâs political discussion with further empirical evidences. After examining his work, researcher finds at least there are four fundamental arguments influencing his thought. First, âthe absence of hujjah syarâiyyah that upholds the concept imamate. Second, the concept of khila>fah is not ârequired by Muslims. Third, the treatise accomplished by Prophet Muhammad is purely âbased on religious aspect. And the last, politic is an independent concept that should be âdrifted apart from religious elements. Consequently, Aliâs bias toward secularism is clear; particularly in his approval separating state from any religion institutions. This assumption is also âbuilt up by the fact that he was a student of two orientalists, Mallino and Sentillana, who taught him during his study at the University of Egypt (al-Ja>miâah al-Mis}riyyah).
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