31 Oct 2018
Currently, clonal of forest tree is gaining importance due to the yield improvement and low variability in different wood characteristics. Hybrid trees from clonal forest are importantly characterized in term of wood quality for findingÂ suitable uses. Accordingly, three clones (HD3, K47, H4) of 8-year-old Acacia hybrid (Acacia mangium Ã A. auriculiformis) were evaluated for inter-clonal comparison of its wood quality by evaluating their physical and mechanical properties as per Indian Standards. All tree clones were studied at breast high including diameter, heartwood content, and physical and mechanic properties. The Dbh of allÂ three clones was around 30â35% and 60â70% greater than pure forms of A. auriculiformis and A. mangium of the same age, respectively. The volumetric shrinkage of allÂ three clones was found to vary from 7.8 to 8.6%. The low shrinkage values may be attributed to higher dimensional stability of the wood of these clones. The data obtained in green and air-dry conditions were used to calculate âsuitability indicesâ with respect to teak (Tectona grandis) which was taken as a reference wood for comparison in India. All the suitability indices that these clones were either comparable or slightly lower than those of pure forms of A. auriculiformis and A. mangium. Less inter-clonal variation was observed in most of the suitability indices. Though, all the three clones were exclusively grown for their use in pulp and paper industry, but the comparative suitability figures for different end uses indicate that these clones could also be used for certain non-structural applications such as tool handles, light packing cases, pallets and light furniture.
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