29 Mar 2018
Red fruit (Pandanus conoideus) is an endemic plant of Papua, as a source of edible oil which is very rich in total carotenoids as well as has high various clones. This study aims to determine the physical properties of fruit, plant and yield oil of 9 clones red fruit from 3 locations cultivated in Papua. The results of this study show that whole fruit consists of pith (51-61%) and grain (39-49%). Grain consists of seed (27-36%) and pulp (10-17%). The variety of cepallum physical properties between clones particularly seen in color (yellow-orange or red-dark red), cylindrical tapered, consisting of short size (<50 cm), medium (40-60 cm) and long (> 60 cm). The pith of each clone also varies in colors (white or yellow), has a tapered cylindrical shape with varying sizes. Grains colors are yellow-orange or red-dark red and have many square shapes (polygonal) with varying sizes. While the physical properties of plants vary between clones, especially height of the plant and the main stem, as well as length of branches and distance between branches. Determination of yield oil base on the total grains weight (5.7-8.7% wb or 7.7-18.3% db) is lower than on the total pulp weight (19.7-27.4% wb or 31.9-54.5% db). Principle component analysis results based on physical of fruit and plant, nine clones of red fruit distributed into four quadrants according to cultivation location.Keywords: Â red fruit (Pandanus conoideus), diversity, clone, physical properties of fruit, yield oil.
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