Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan
Vol 21, No 1 (2015): (Available for free access and download since June 1, 2015)

METAKOGNISI MAHASISWA DALAM PEMBELAJARAN KESETIMBANGAN KIMIA


Lukum, Astin, R Laliyo, Lukman A, Sukamto, Kostiawan



Article Info

Publish Date
24 Aug 2016

Abstract

Abstract: Students’ Metacognitive Knowledge in the Teaching of Chemical Equilibrium. This study on students’ metacognitive knowledge related to Chemical Equilibrium topic was conducted at State Uni­versity of Gorontalo, involving 153 students of Chemistry Department. The metacognitive knowledge be­ing studied includes declarative, procedural, and conditional knowledge. The data were collected using an essay test about Chemical Equilibrium comprising four items on declarative knowledge, three items on procedural knowledge, and three items on conditional knowledge. The test has a 0.8 reliability coefficient, calculated using alpha Cronbach formula. In general, the scores on the three types of knowledge indicate that the students’ metacognitive knowledge was low; in particular, their conditional knowledge was lower than their declarative knowledge, while their procedural knowledge was lower than their declarative knowledge.Keywords: metacognitive knowledge, declarative, procedural, conditional, chemical equilibriumAbstrak: Metakognitif Mahasiswa dalam Pembelajaran Konsep Kesetimbangan Kimia. Penelitian metakognitif mahasiswa dilakukan terhadap 153 mahasiswa Jurusan Kimia Universitas Negeri Gorontalo. Pengetahuan metakognitif yang diteliti meliputi pengetahuan deklaratif, pengetahuan prosedural, dan pengetahuan kondisional berkaitan. Data penelitian adalah skor tes pengetahuan metakognitif maha­siswa berkaitan dengan topik kesetimbangan kimia. Data penelitian dikumpulkan menggunakan 10 item tes yang terdiri atas empat item pengetahuan deklaratif, tiga item pengetahuan prosedural, dan tiga item pengetahuan kondisional. Koefisien reliabilitas tes dihitung dengan persamaan alpha Cronbach. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pengetahuan metakognitif mahasiswa termasuk rendah. Pengeta­huan kondisional mahasiswa lebih rendah dibandingkan dengan pengetahuan proseduralnya, sedangkan pengetahuan prosedural mahasiswa lebih rendah dibandingkan dengan pengetahuan deklaratifnya.Kata kunci: pengetahuan metakognitif, pengetahuan deklaratif, pengetahuan prosedual, pengetahuan kondisional, kesetimbangan kimia


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