Sainsmedika
Vol 3, No 2 (2011): Juli-Desember 2011

The Behavioral Factor Associated with The Incidence of Malariain Endemic Area


Zulaikhah, Siti Thomas, Etika, Dhanny Rona, Mashoedi, Imam Djamaludin



Article Info

Publish Date
17 Dec 2011

Abstract

Background: Magelang Regency is one of the endemic area of malaria in central Java. The working area of Health centre of Kajoran I, Banjaretno, has the highest incidence of malaria annually (Dinkes Magelang, 2010). Malaria is is transmitted through the bite of female Anopheles infected by Plasmodium sp. Its most effective prevention is vector eradication. This study was aimed at finding out the behavioral risk for the incidence of malaria.Design and Methods: In this observasional study using case control design include 40 cases and 40 controls using the simple random sampling. Chi square test followed by double-logistic regression was applied for the data analysis with p=5%. Results: Bivariate analysis on the 6 factors resulted in p<0.05 and 2 factors resulted in p>0.05. multivariate analysis showed that the habit factor of going out in the evening, installing wire gauze on the ventilation, hanging used clothes, mowing lawn, the existence of closed waste basket, washing the curtain resulted in the p=0.010 (OR = 10; 95% CI = 3.4-39.2), p=0.001 (OR = 4.1; 95% CI = 3.5-15.8), p=0.018 (OR = 3.3; 95% CI = 1.9 -16.2), p=0.044 (OR = 6.5; 95% CI = 2.1-30.9), p=0.380 (OR = 0.43; 95% CI = 0.1-1.2), p=0.002 (OR = 2.4; 95% CI =3.4 -5.6) respectively.Conclusion: The habit of going out in the evening has been shown to be most important behavioral factor associated with the malaria incidence (Sains Medika, 3(2):168-184).


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Journal Info

Abbrev

sainsmedika

Publisher

Subject

Health Professions Medicine & Pharmacology

Description

Sains Medika is journal of medicine and health, is a peer-reviewed and open access journal that focuses on promoting medical sciences generated from Biomedical Sciences, Public Health, Clinical Sciences, and Medical Education to integrate researches in all aspects of human health. This journal ...