Unnes Journal of Public Health
Vol 6 No 2 (2017): Unnes Journal of Public Health

EVALUASI PELAKSANAAN SURVEILANS KASUS LEPTOSPIROSIS DI DINAS KESEHATAN KABUPATEN BOYOLALI


Saraswati, Lintang Dian, Nuraini, Sri, Adi, M Sakundarno, Setyawan, Hendri



Article Info

Publish Date
28 Apr 2017

Abstract

Kabupaten Boyolali merupakan salah satu kabupaten di Indonesia yang telah terjadi peningkatan kasus Leptospirosis selama 4 tahun terakhir. Salah satu upaya untuk mengatasinya adalah dengan melakukan surveilans epidemiologi. Tujuan penelitian ini yaitu untuk mengevaluasi pelaksanaan dan hasil surveilans kasus leptospirosis di Kabupaten Boyolali. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif dengan desain penelitian observasional. Sampel penelitian berjumlah 12 tenaga surveilans puskesmas dan 2 orang tenaga surveilans di Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Boyolali yang dipilih dengan metode purposive sampling dan dilakukan wawancara, telaah data sekunder, dan observasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kasus leptospirosis di Kabupaten Boyolali tahun 2012-2015 paling banyak terjadi pada kelompok umur 26-45 tahun (38,3%), berjenis kelamin laki-laki (70%), dan pekerjaan sebagai petani (44,7%). Kasus paling banyak terjadi pada bulan Maret tahun 2014 dan 2015 dengan angka insiden kumulatif sebesar 0,6. Sebagian besar kasus leptospirosis terjadi di Kecamatan Nogosari (34%). Pelaksanaan surveilans epidemiologi leptospirosis di Kabupaten Boyolali belum berjalan dengan baik, pengumpulan data sudah dilakukan oleh semua responden, kompilasi data hanya dilakukan di 3 dari 12 puskesmas dan di dinas kesehatan, analisis data hanya dilakukan di dinas kesehatan berupa analisis sederhana kecenderungan leptospirosis, dan sudah dilakukan diseminasi informasi dalam bentuk pelaporan dan umpan balik. Boyolali is one of the regency in Indonesia that has been an increase of Leptospirosis cases for the last 4 years. One effort to overcome this problem is conduct epidemiological surveillance. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the implementation and results of leptospirosis case surveillance in Boyolali. This research was descriptive study with observational research design. Samples of this research were 12 puskesmas surveillance officers and 2 health office surveillance officers that were selected by purposive sampling method and did interview, secondary data review, and observation. The results showed that cases of leptospirosis in Boyolali in 2012-2015 were mostly in the age group of 26-45 years (38.3%), male sex (70%), and occupation as farmers (44.7%). Most cases occurred in March 2014 and 2015 with cumulative incidence rate of 0.6. Most cases of leptospirosis occured in Nogosari District (34%). Implementation of leptospirosis epidemiological surveillance in Boyolali has not been well implemented, data were collected by all respondents, data were only compiled in 3 of 12 puskesmas and in health office, data were only analyzed in health office, like simple analysis of leptospiroses trend, and there was dissemination of information in the form of reporting and feedback.


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Journal Info

Abbrev

ujph

Publisher

Subject

Public Health

Description

Unnes Journal of Public Health (UJPH) is an open access and peer-reviewed journal. It publishes original papers and short reports on all aspects of the science, philosophy, and practice of public health. ...