Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya
Vol 11, No 1 (2009)

DI SEKITAR MASALAH AGAMA DAN KOHESI SOSIAL:PENGALAMAN DAN TANTANGAN

Abdullah, Taufik ( Pusat Penelitian Kemasyarakatan dan Kebudayaan (P2KK-LIPI) )



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Publish Date
08 Oct 2015

Abstract

Religion is the sacred relationship between human-being and the transcendent concept of Gidhead. But as a social and cultural phenomenon, religion is the strongest factor that determines the form and the strength of social integration and cohesion. In a plural society religion can become a barrier to an undifferentiated social cohesion. Looking religion as the sacred foundation of social relationship from historical perspective it may appear in four different faces, though by means exclusive to each others. Understanding on the teaching of the adhered can be the important source of social dynamics -- it is the basis of a certain form of social change. Secondly, despite the fact that science has consistently opened up the secrets and even the laws of nature, it cannot replace the role of religion as the source of the ultimate answer to the questions of the “real” reality. Third, religious pluralities and more importantly the differences in the understanding of the “true teachings” of the commonly adhered religion may become a source of internal conflict, although at the same it strengthens the internal cohesion of the believers of the same religious orientation. Four, in the conflict situation, the understanding of one’s religion can easily become a non-negotiable stand in the relation with the others. Despite its noble idea, the New Order -sponsored “three strategies of harmonious life”-- the Pancasila, “the three harmonious religious lives” (among co-religionists, among the followers of different religions, and between religious followers and the government) and “three brotherhood or uchuwah (Islamic, national, and intentional brotherhood) -- lost its credibility the moment the state undergone the crisis of legitimacy. The religion-based social cohesion can only be guaranted by a healthy democratric life and the continuing effort to strengthen the tradition of the spirit of tolerance. Keywords: Agama, kohesi sosial, Durkheim, Max Weber, struktural-fungsional, fenomenologi, “tiga strategi dasar”.

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Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya (JMB) or Journal of Society and Culture is a peer-reviewed journal that aims to be an authoritative academic source on the study of society and culture. We publish original research papers, review articles, case studies, and book reviews focusing on Indonesian society, ...