Jurnal Al-Manahij
Vol 7, No 2 (2013)

Maqasid Al-Syari’ah Sebagai Sumber Hukum Islam: Analisis Terhadap Pemikiran Jasser Auda

Arfan, Abbas ( UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang )



Article Info

Publish Date
28 Oct 2013

Abstract

Jasser Auda adalah tokoh muda Islam yang berambisi mengembalikan kembali pemahaman ru h al-tasyri‘ seperti masa Sahabat Nabi Muhammad SAW sebagai metode istinbat hukum Islam lewat pintu yang disebutnya maqasid al-syari ’ah, sebagai pelengkap dari konsep maqasid-nya al-Syatibi dan Ibn ‘Asyur. Dalam pandangan Auda, ada kesamaan antara ‘illat dan  maqasid, sebab ‘illat yang didefinisikan sebagai al-ma’na al-lazi syuri’a al-hukm li ajlih (sebuah makna yang karenanyalah suatu hukum itu disyariatkan) adalah sama dengan definisi maqasid. Belum lagi beberapa nama ‘illat, seperti al-sabab, al-amarah, al-da’i, al-bais, al-hamil, al-manat, al-dalil, al-muqtada, al-mujib dan al-mu’assir juga bisa menjadi alasan bahwa ada kesamaan antara ‘illat dan maqasid. Oleh karena itu, ketika ada kaidah usuliyyah yang terkenal berbunyi al-hukm al-Syar’i yadu r ma’a ‘illatih wujudan wa ‘adaman” (hukum syariat itu berorientasi dengan ada atau tidaknya sebuah ‘illat), maka bisa dibuat sebuah kesimpulan juga tadur al-ahkam al-syar’iyyah al-’amaliyyah ma’a maqasidiha wujudan wa ’adaman, kama tadur ma’a ‘ilaliha wujudan wa ’adaman”. Kata kunci: Jasser Auda, maqasid al-syari’ah, ‘illat, istinbat, hukum Islam   Jasser Auda is young Islamic figure who has ambition to bring back the understanding of ruh al-tasyri‘ like in the age of the Prophet’s companions as the istinbat method in Islamic law through the way that Jasser called as maqasid al-syari’ah as the complement of al-Syatibi and Ibn Asyur’s concept. In Auda’s notion, there is a similarity between ‘illat and maqasid, because ‘illat (legal reason), which is defined as al-ma’na al-lazi syuri’a al-hukm li ajlih (a meaning to which a law is determined), is similar to the definition of maqasid (aims). Furthermore, several names of ‘illat such as al-sabab, al-amarah, al-da’i, al-ba’is, al-hamil, al-manat, al-dalil, al-muqtada, al-mujib and al-mu’asir can be the reason for the similarity between ‘illat and maqasid. Therefore, when the famous usuliyyah principle says: ”al-hukm al-Syar’i yadur ma’a ‘illatih wujudan wa ‘adaman” (that sharia law is oriented with or without ‘illat), hence, a conclusion can be drawn that ”tadur al-ahkam al-syar’iyyah al-’amaliyyah ma’a maqasidiha wujudan wa ’adaman, kama tadur ma’a ‘ilaliha wujadan wa ’adaman”(Islamic law is determined with or without its aims, as it is determined with or without its reasons). Keywords:     Jasser Auda, Maqasid al-Syari’ah, ‘illat, istinbat, Islamic law

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Journal Info

Abbrev

almanahij

Publisher

Subject

Education

Description

AL-MANAHIJ is a scholarly journal of Islamic law studies. It is a forum for debate for scholars and professionals concerned with Islamic Laws and legal cultures of Muslim Worlds. It aims for recognition as a leading medium for scholarly and professional discourse of Islamic laws. It is a joint ...