Jurnal Al-Manahij
Vol 7, No 1 (2013)

Pembaruan Kriteria Visibilitas Hilal Dan Peluangnya Terhadap Penyatuan Kalender Hijriyah Di Indonesia (Studi Pemikiran LP2IF-RHI)

-, Marwadi ( STAIN Purwokerto )



Article Info

Publish Date
16 Aug 2013

Abstract

Perbedaan metode penentuan awal bulan Hijriyah di Indonesia, khususnya Ramadhan dan Syawal sampai sekarang masih terjadi. Hal ini disebabkan karena penganut metode hisab yang direpresentasikan oleh Muhammadiyah dan Persis dengan penganut rukyat yang direpresentasikan oleh NU belum bersatu. Untuk menyatukan metode penentuan awal bulan tersebut, Kementerian Agama menggunakan kriteria visibilitas hilal: tinggi bulan minimal 2o, beda azimuth bulan-matahari minimal 3o, dan umur bulan saat matahari terbenam minimal 8 jam pasca ijtimak. Dari beberapa penelitian, hasil rukyat hilal dengan kriteria Kementerian Agama masih lemah validitasnya dari aspek astronomis. Perbaikan kriteria visibilitas hilal dilakukan oleh Lembaga Pengkajian dan Pengembangan Ilmu Falak-Rukyatul Hilal Indonesia (LP2IF-RHI) dengan kriteria tinggi minimum 3,60o untuk beda azimuth bulan–matahari 7,53o, hingga maksimum 9,38o untuk beda azimuth bulan–matahari 0o. Kriteria visibilitas hilal ini mempunyai peluang besar untuk menyatukan kalender Hijriyah karena ormas besar seperti NU dan Persis sudah menggunakan kriteria visibilitas hilal. Jika Muhammadiyah mau merubah kriteria hisabnya dari hisab wujudul hilal ke hisab dengan kriteria visibilitas hilal, penyatuan kalender Hijriyah dapat terwujud. Kata kunci: metode, visibilitas hilal, hisab-rukyat, LP2IF-RHI, kalender Hijriyah  The difference of determination method of first date of months on Hijra calendar in Indonesia, especially Ramadhan and Syawal, still occurs until today. This problem is caused by unagreement between the follower of hisab method represented by Muhammadiyah and Persis and the rukyat follower represented by NU. To unite decisive method of early Hijra calendar, Indonesian Ministry of Religious Affairs produces crescent visibility criterion: moon height ≥ 2o, sun-moon azimuth ≥ 3o, and crescent age ≥ 8 hours after conjuntion. From any research, crescent observation with Indonesian Ministry of Religious Affairs criterion has a weakness on validity from astronomical analysis. The betterment of crescent visibility criterion is done by The Institute for Study and Development of Astronomical Science Rukyatul Hilal Indonesian (LP2IF-RHI). Its crescent visibility criterion is for moon height 3,6o with sun-moon azimuth 7,53o and for moon height 9,38o with sun-moon azimuth 0o. This criterion has big opportunity to unify the first date of Hijra calendar program if Muhammadiyah prepare to change its criterion from hisab wujudul hilal to hisab with crescent visibility criterion like that of NU and Persis.  Keywords : method, crescent visibility, hisab-rukyat, LP2IF-RHI, Hijri calendar

Copyrights © 2013






Journal Info

Abbrev

almanahij

Publisher

Subject

Education

Description

AL-MANAHIJ is a scholarly journal of Islamic law studies. It is a forum for debate for scholars and professionals concerned with Islamic Laws and legal cultures of Muslim Worlds. It aims for recognition as a leading medium for scholarly and professional discourse of Islamic laws. It is a joint ...