Jurnal Al-Manahij
Vol 6, No 1 (2012)

Perdamaian Dalam Pembagian Harta Warisan (Kritik Atas Konsep Qat{’i> Dalam Hukum Kewarisan Islam)

-, Suhairi ( STAIN Jurai Siwo Metro Lampung )



Article Info

Publish Date
15 Aug 2013

Abstract

Dalam masalah kewarisan, qat ’i - zanni mengidealkan bahwa anak laki-laki mendapat bagian dua kali lipat dari anak perempuan. Sebaliknya praktek hukum sebagian masyarakat di Indonesia menghendaki bahwa anak laki-laki mendapat bagian yang sama dengan anak perempuan. Sebagai kompromi, terwujudlah kedua pasal 182 dan 183 Kompilasi Hukum Islam di Indonesia.  Qat’i al-dalalah nash kewarisan menurut sebagian ulama tidak mutlak diberlakukan, sebagaimana pendapat ulama Hanafi. Demikian pula dinyatakan oleh Muhammad Abu Zahrah, bahwa hak kewarisan adalah hak hamba atau perseorangan, sehingga yang bersangkutan dapat menggugurkan haknya. Perdamaian dalam pembagian harta warisan yang didasarkan pada kesepakatan dan kerelaan semua ahli waris dibenarkan secara syara’. Berdasarkan hal tersebut, pembagian harta warisan, bilamana setiap pihak ahli waris secara sukarela membaginya secara kekeluargaan, bisa dibagi secara kekeluargaan atau secara damai sesuai dengan kesepakatan setiap pihak yang terkait. Normatively, heritage distribution should be based on what has been concretely stated in the holy Quran and al-Sunnah. Yet, it is commonlydistributed through mutual agreement. Therefore, it is interesting to digest the legal source of qat’i al-dalalah of heritage dsitribution together with its mutual agreement system of distribution. In term of qat’i - zanni, a man might have twice as much as a woman does. Nevertheless, the legal practice among Indonesians insists that a woman should have the same share as a man. For this, articles 182 and 183 of Islamic Legal Compilation of Indonesia are issued. According to some Islamic scholars, like Hanafi, the legal source of qat’i al-dalalah of heritage dsitribution might not be absolute, Muhammad Abu Zahrah also maintained that a man has the right to abort his right. Therefore, mutual agreement in heritage distribution is possible in term of syara’. When every one who has the right to the heritage distribution agrees on mutual agreement system, the distribution is legal.   Kata kunci: qat’i al-dalalah, zanni al-dalalah, kewarisan Islam, Kompilasi Hukum Islam, hak hamba

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Journal Info

Abbrev

almanahij

Publisher

Subject

Education

Description

AL-MANAHIJ is a scholarly journal of Islamic law studies. It is a forum for debate for scholars and professionals concerned with Islamic Laws and legal cultures of Muslim Worlds. It aims for recognition as a leading medium for scholarly and professional discourse of Islamic laws. It is a joint ...