Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Vol 13, No 1 (2010): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia

Karakteristik Fisik dan Kimia Tepung Cangkang Kijing Lokal (Pilsbryoconcha exilis)

Abdullah, Asadatun (Unknown)
nurjanah, Nurjanah (Unknown)

Article Info

Publish Date
03 Mar 2011


Local mussel (Pilsbryoconcha exilis) is one aquatic commodity that has high enough potential. Mussel shell is solid waste that has not been used optimally. The purpose of this research is to study the physical and chemical characteristics shells and mussel shell flour with the different of size and body length. The observed parameters include the physical characteristics of shells, yield, chitin, flour yield, degree of white, proximate contents, pH, minerals and mineral solubility determination of mussel shell flour. Mussel obtained from waters Situ Gede has length between 72-103 mm, 31-47 mm high and 13-34 mm thick. Mussel shells in all size contained chitin ranging from 0,72% to 0,75%. Mussel shell flour measuring < 90 mm 20% larger than the size of mussel ≥ 90 mm. Mussel shell flour measuring < 90 mm has a value of 5% degrees whiter than white shell size ≥ 90 mm. Shell flour has a water content between 1,19-1,2%, 93,14-93,34% of ash, 1,85-2,31% of protein, 0,66-0,72% of fat, carbohydrate by difference 2,62-2,94% with a pH range of 8,5-8,9. Mussel shell flour has a mineral content, respectively from the largest which are calcium, phosphorus and magnesium. The calcium and phosphorus mussels flour shell has an optimal value for solubility at pH 2. Mussel shells contained chitin ranged from 0,72% to 0,75%. Mussel shell size difference gave a significantly different effect on the physical characteristics of the mussel shell flour produced but did not influence significantly different to the chemical characteristics of the mussel shell flour produced.

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Journal Info





Agriculture, Biological Sciences & Forestry


JPHPI publishes manuscripts in the field of marine post-harvest, aquatic biotechnology, aquatic biochemistry, aquatic product diversification, and characteristic of aquatic raw materials. In addition, JPHPI also publishes research about aquatic product quality, standardization, and other researches ...