The flow of fluid through the pipe creates fluid friction with pipe walls causing pressure drop and fluid flow velocity affecting the use of energy to drain it. Pressure drop can be affected by several factors such as friction or friction factor, pipe length, pipe diameter and fluid velocity. In this research, it will analyze pressure drop on piping system based on friction, fluid flow characteristics, and fluid velocity. The analysis was done by using two methods, namely experimental method and empirical calculation method. The stages of this study consist of problem analysis, literature study, calibration, data retrieval, empirical data processing and experiments, validation, analysis of results and conclusions. Based on the results of empirical and experimental research, the lowest pressure drop in the experiment and empirical was the 12 LPM discharge copper pipe and the water coolant ratio is 0: 100. This means that the best material pipes used were copper pipes rather than steel and galvanized pipes. The results of the tests and experiments have been tested for validation. The validation value of empirical and experimental data measurement is 91%.
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