Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan
Vol 13, No 3 Jul (2010)

ASSESSMENT OF THE HEALTH STATUS OF PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN PARTICIPATING IN SCHOOL FEEDING PROGRAM IN NUSA TENGGARA BARAT AND NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR, INDONESIA

Susilowati, Dwi ( The authors are researchers at Center for Health System and Public Research and Development. Nalional lnstitute of Health Research and Development (NIHRD). Ministry of Health (MoH), Republic of Indonesia )
Sundari, Siti ( The authors are researchers at Center for Health System and Public Research and Development. Nalional lnstitute of Health Research and Development (NIHRD). Ministry of Health (MoH), Republic of Indonesia )



Article Info

Publish Date
24 Nov 2012

Abstract

Background: School feeding program provided vital nourishment for students, improved their health and school attendance. Objective: To investigate the effects of provision of food distributed at targeted primary schools. To measure the change of anemia prevalence rate, to assess the prevalence of some illness and to assess related knowledge and practices of health, nutrition and hygiene among primary school students. Methods: The sample was randomly selected from 30 clusters of primary schools who received WFP food supplement for at least 6 months in Nusa Tenggara Barat (NTB) and Nusa Tenggara Timur (NTT) provinces during the year 2008. The sample was calculated on the basis of the formula of a single cross-sectional survey comparing two sub-groups. The data was analyzed by using SPSS for Windows version 15. Results: The head of households, whom mostly males, worked as unskilled agricultural wage labors and vendor of agricultural products. The education of parents was generally low. Most of them lived in single house and used latrine. The mean hemoglobin of students was 11.8 gr/dl (SO 1.3; Cl (11 .7-11.9)). The anemia prevalence rate was 37 6%, it was 25.8% higher as compared to previous year. There were significant decreased of morbidity rates of diarrhea, Acute Respiratory lnfection and fever as compared to previous years. Practice in hygiene as indicated by drinking boiled water showed a decreased m coverage in the previous years. However, hand washing before meals was increased steadily while hand washing after defecation was decreased. There were more household used latrines.Key words: school feeding, primary school children, anemia, knowledge attitude and practice

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Journal Info

Abbrev

hsr

Publisher

Subject

Decision Sciences, Operations Research & Management Health Professions

Description

Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan diterbitkan sejak 1994 dan sejak tahun 2006 terbit dengan frekuensi 4 kali setahun. Redaksi menerima naskah ilmiah tentang hasil-hasil penelitian, survei, dan tinjauan pustaka yang erat hubungannya dengan bidang sistem dan kebijakan kesehatan. Jurnal ini telah ...