Buletin Ilmiah Litbang Perdagangan
Vol 6, No 1 (2012)

DAMPAK KEBIJAKAN BEA KELUAR TERHADAP EKSPOR DAN INDUSTRI PENGOLAHAN KAKAO

Syadullah, Makmun ( Kementerian Keuangan )



Article Info

Publish Date
31 Jul 2012

Abstract

Analisis ekspor kakao dan perkembangan industri kakao sebelum dan sesudah diterapkannya pajak ekspor dilakukan dengan pendekatan analisis deskriptif. Data yang digunakan dalam analisis adalah data sekunder yang bersumber dari Badan Pusat Statistik. Dalam rangka mendorong perkembangan industri pengolahan kakao, pada tahun 2010 pemerintah memberlakukan kebijakan pajak ekspor biji kakao. Kebijakan ini bertujuan untuk menghambat ekspor biji kakao dan untuk meningkatkan pasokan biji kakao industri dalam negeri. Data menunjukkan bahwa setelah pemberlakuan bea keluar, ekspor biji kakao mengalami penurunan dan jumlah perusahaan pengolahan kakao mengalami peningkatan. Namun demikian, industri pengolahan kakao belum beroperasi dalam kapasitas penuh. Rendahnya kualitas biji kakao yang diproduksi di Indonesia merupakan faktor utamanya. Untuk itu direkomendasikan agar pendapatan pemerintah dari bea keluar ekspor biji kakao dimanfaatkan kembali untuk pembinaan petani dalam meningkatkan kualitas biji kakao. The study uses a descriptive analysis in comparing cocoa exports and development of the cocoa industry before and after the imposition of export duty. The analysis is based on the secondary data taken from the Central Agency of Statistics.To foster the development of the cocoa processing industry, in 2010 the government has issued a policy to impose export duties on the export of cocoa beans. This policy is aimed to hamper cocoa beans export and to boost cocoa beans supply to domestic industry. The available information shows that after its imposition there has been a decline in cocoa export and an increase the number of cocoa processing companies. However, the cocoa processing industry has not yet operated in its full capacity. This is caused by the low quality of cocoa beans produced in Indonesia. It is then recommended that the government’s revenue from cocoa beans export should be returned back to farmers in improving the quality of cocoa beans. By doing so, the farmer will be compensated by the government in the form of improved and adequate infrastructure in the production center of cocoa beans, as well as provision of higher quality seeds and better counseling.

Copyrights © 2012






Journal Info

Abbrev

bilp

Publisher

Subject

Economics, Econometrics & Finance

Description

First published in 2007, Buletin Ilmiah Litbang Perdagangan (BILP) is a scientific journal published by the Trade Analysis dan Development Agency (Badan Pengkajian dan Pengembangan Perdagangan - BPPP), Ministry of Trade, Republic of Indonesia. This bulletin is expected to be a media of dissemination ...