26 Dec 2012
Conjunctivitis photoelectric was an inflammation of the conjunctiva caused by ultraviolet rays. Ultraviolet rays was a by-product of the welding process. Cilacap district had many small informal industries of trellis manufacture which had welding processes.Based on the survey held in July 2012, there were 80.6% of respondents experienced red eyes, eyes pain, eyes feel hot, like there was sand in the eyes, and watery eyes which were symptoms of conjunctivitis excess after work. The purpose of this research was to analyze the risk factors related to the photoelectric conjunctivitis on welding workers. This research was a kind of quantitative and explanatory research used cross-sectional. The samples were 28 workers, it was taken by using total sampling method. Eyes examinations for each respondent carried out by nurses. The results showed that there was a correlation between the working period, length of exposure and knowledge with the incidence of conjunctivitis photoelectric with p-value 0013, 0024 and 0037 and there was no correlation between age, education, type of welding, the use of PPE with conjunctivitis photoelectric with p-value 0225 , 0247, 0869 and 0354. Working period and knowledge were not risk factors of photoelectric conjunctivitis. Meanwhile duration of exposure was a risk factor of photoelectric conjunctivitis. Workers with length of exposure more than 4 hours had 2.667 greater risk of affected conjunctivitisÂ photoelectric than workers with length of exposure â¤ 4 hours.
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