Wahana Forestra: Jurnal Kehutanan
Vol 10, No 1 (2015)

POTENSI DAN PEMANFAATAN ROTAN PENGHASIL JERNANG DI TAMAN NASIONAL BUKIT TIGAPULUH


Jufri, Jufri, Suhesti, Eni, Triratnaningsih, Ambar



Article Info

Publish Date
30 Aug 2017

Abstract

 The aims of this study were to identify the type, pattern of distribution and utilization of rattan that produce jernang by people in Bengayauan Village Rantau Langsat District Batang Gangsal Indragiri Hulu Regency Riau Province. The research method was conducted by survey on forest area covered by rattan producing jernang.The data taken include the type of rattan producer jernang, the number of clumps and individuals, the utilization by the community, the way of harvesting, harvesting facilities, local wisdom in the management of rattan producer jernang.  From research conducted in Zones Hamlet Bengayauan there are three (3) species of rattan producers jernang namely:Daemonorops draco, Daemonorops propinqua, Calamus oxleyanus, included into two clans (Daemonorops and Calamus). Found 83 clumps and 1099 individuals comprising D.draco clump and 1019 a total of 77 individuals, D. popinqua by 4 clump and 66 individuals and C.oxleyanus as much as 2 clump and 14 individuals. The density (Daemonorops draco) 84.916 individuals/ha (92.721%), (D.propinqua) 5, 5 individuals/ha (6.005%), (C.oxleyanus) 1.66 individuals/ha (1.274%). The pattern of spread of cane producer D.draco random deployment, deployment  D.propinqua be clustered, while for C. oxleyanus spread uniformly. In the utilization of rattan producer jernang, indigenous peoples adhere to a local wisdom to preserve the plant. Utilization of rattan producer jernang by society, among others: Economic benefits, as a dye, ingredients of medicine, incense and ritual, and magical.


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