Background: Fever is a common condition that occurs primarily in children. Treatment of fever in children is highly dependent on the role of parents, especially mothers. Different knowledge of mothers will result in the different wayof mothers to manage the fever in children.Objective: To find out the relationship between the level of maternal knowledge about the fever with the management of fever in their children.Methods: Analytical observational research with cross sectional approach. Subjects were mothers of children whom suffered ill that accompanied with fever whose underwent outpatient or had been treated in the ward infections department of Dr. Kariadi hospital. Data was collected from March-June 2012 using a structured questionnaire that has been tested. Data was analyzed with Chi Square test using SPSS ver 17 for Window.Results: The total of respondents in this study were 44 mothers. Most of the respondents were less educated and have family income above minimum wage. There were 52% of respondents who have low knowledge about the fever. Theresult shows that 50% of the total respondents have a good management of fever in tehir children. Based on the results using Chi square test, there was a significant association between mothers level of knowledge about the fever withthe management of fever in children.Conclusion: Mothers with high level knowledge about fever in children have a better management of fever in their children.Keywords: maternal knowledge, fever management, children.
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