Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics)
VOLUME 4, NOMOR 1, JANUARI 2016

Kandungan bahan tambahan pangan berbahaya pada makanan jajanan anak sekolah dasar di Kabupaten Bantul

Paratmanitya, Yhona (Unknown)
Aprilia, Veriani (Unknown)



Article Info

Publish Date
30 Aug 2016

Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: The National Agency of Drug and Food Control (BPOM) showed that in 2012, consuming of food is the highest caused of poisoning incidence (66.7%) among others (drug, cosmetics, etc). One of factors influence it was chemical contamination in food, such as borax (sodium tetraborate), formaldehyde, and rhodamine-B. Based on this data, there were 2.93% of borax, 1.34% of formaldehyde, and 1.02% of rhodamine-B detected in the snack foods of elementary school children. Their accumulation may have negative impact on body health.Objectives: To know the content of food additive substances contamination (borax, formaldehyde, rhodamin-B) in the snack food of elementary school children in Bantul. Methods: This was an observational research with survey design. The research was done in 68 of elementary schools in District of Bantul. All suspected snack food samples inside and outside the school were analyzed for their chemical contaminations. Qualitative analysis of borax, formaldehyde, and rhodamin-B were done by using curcumin, KMnO4, and test kit methods, respectively. Results: There were 107 samples collected from 68 elementary schools in Bantul. The most sold sample suspecting of chemical contamination was meatball (22.4%). Among 98 analyzed samples, there were 15 (15.3%) and 25 (25.5%) samples that were proven to have borax and formaldehyde. Meanwhile, there were 7 (46.7%) samples of 15 samples were proven to have rhodamine-B. From the data, there were 34 elementary schools (50%) that have no harmful chemical contamination in their snack food.Conclusions: The percentage of snack food containing borax, formaldehyde, and rhodamine-B in elementary school in Bantul was still high enough.KEYWORDS: snack food, borax, formaldehyde, rhodamine-BABSTRAKLatar belakang: Data Badan Pengawas Obat dan Makanan (BPOM) menunjukkan bahwa sepanjang tahun 2012, insiden keracunan akibat mengkonsumsi makanan menduduki posisi paling tinggi, yaitu 66,7%, dibandingkan dengan keracunan akibat penyebab lain, misalnya obat, kosmetika, dan lain-lain. Salah satu penyebab keracunan makanan adalah adanya cemaran kimia dalam makanan tersebut, seperti boraks, formalin dan rhodamin-B. Dalam data tersebut, diketahui 2,93% sampel makanan jajanan pada anak sekolah mengandung boraks, 1,34% mengandung formalin, dan 1,02% mengandung rhodamin-B. Akumulasi bahan-bahan tersebut di dalam tubuh dapat berdampak negatif bagi kesehatan.Tujuan: Mengetahui persentase makanan jajanan anak sekolah dasar (SD) yang tercemar bahan tambahan pangan berbahaya (boraks, formalin, rhodamin-B) di Kabupaten Bantul. Metode: Jenis penelitian ini adalah observasional dengan rancangan survei. Penelitian dilaksanakan dengan melibatkan 68 SD di Kabupaten Bantul sebagai sampel. Seluruh makanan jajanan yang dijajakan baik di luar maupun di kantin sekolah dan diduga mengandung bahan kimia berbahaya diuji kandungan cemaran kimianya yaitu kandungan boraks, formalin dan rhodamin-B. Pengujian kualitatif kandungan boraks menggunakan kurkumin, formalin menggunakan KMnO4, dan rhodamin-B menggunakan test kit Rhodamin-B. Hasil: Terdapat 107 sampel makanan dari 68 SD yang diuji. Jenis makanan jajanan yang diduga mengandung bahan kimia berbahaya yang paling banyak dijajakan di SD adalah jenis bakso (bakso, bakso tusuk, bakso goreng) yaitu sejumlah 22,4% dari seluruh sampel jajanan. Di antara 98 sampel yang diuji kandungan boraks dan formalinnya, 15 sampel (15,3%) positif mengandung boraks dan 25 sampel (25,5%) positif mengandung formalin. Di antara 15 sampel yang diuji kandungan rhodamin-B-nya,7 sampel (46,7%) positif mengandung rhodamin-B. Terdapat 34 SD (50%) yang tidak terdapat jajanan yang tercemar bahan kimia berbahaya. Kesimpulan: Persentase makanan jajanan anak SD yang mengandung boraks, formalin dan rhodamin-B masih cukup tinggi.KATA KUNCI: makanan jajanan, boraks, formalin, rhodamin-B

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Journal Info

Abbrev

IJND

Publisher

Subject

Health Professions Medicine & Pharmacology Public Health Other

Description

Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics) abbreviated IJND (p-ISSN 2303-3045 and e-ISSN 2503-183X) is a peer-reviewed scientific journal publishing updated research and non-research articles in the area of nutrition and dietetics. This journal is published ...