VISIKES
Vol 16, No 1 (2017): VisiKes

Manajemen Aktivitas Fisik dan Kepatuhan Minum Obat untuk Mencegah Terjadinya Hipertensi pada Penderita Diabetes Melitus Tipe II

Sari, Gracilaria Puspa (Unknown)
Samekto, Marek (Unknown)
Adi, M. Sakundarno (Unknown)



Article Info

Publish Date
29 Jun 2018

Abstract

Patients with type 2 DM are more at risk of developing hypertension. This study aims to explain the factors that afect the occurrence of hypertension in patients with type 2 diabetes in the work area of Pati Puskesmas during 2014. The study was conducted by observation using a case control study design in Puskesmas patients in Pati District. The case group was 57 patients with type 2 diabetes with hypertension while the control group was 57 patients with type 2 diabetes without hypertension. Data were obtained from observations of medical recordsand qualitative interviews. Chi-square test on bivariate analysis and multiple logistic regression on multivariate analysis. Factors afecting the occurrence of hypertension in patients with type 2 diabetes are less physical activity (OR = 6.4, 95% CI: 2.18 - 18.77, p = 0.001), long sufering DM ≥5 years (OR = 5, 4, 95% CI: 1,97 - 14,704; p = 0,001), and DM medication adherence (OR = 3,6; 95% CI: 1,32 - 9,83; p = 0,012). Factors that have no efect are: age ≥45 years,male gender, DM diet compliance, history of hypertension, smoking habits, salty eating habits, cofee drinking habits, and length of time to sleep. Type 2 diabetes mellitus patients> 5 years may reduce the risk of hypertension by performing physical activity management and medication adherence.Keywords: risk factor, hypertension, type 2 DM

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