Panti Rao Irrigation area consists of 8.300 hectare, it is the largest irrigation area in Pasaman District. Some 1.500 hectare areas already have technical irrigation meanwhile technical irrigation for 6.800 hectare are under development. Currently, the crop pattern conducted by the farmers is Paddy-Paddy with 200% cropping intensity in technical irrigation area and 152% in which technical irrigation is being developed. The paper intends to study the effort of the exist cropping intensity improvement with the arrangement of cropping pattern as well as utilization of irrigation water optimally based on available potential, thus might increase the production of agricultural product and its applied strategy in related to farmer social condition in Irrigation area of Panti Rao. Cropping intensity analysis is done by organizing cropping pattern at irrigation area of Panti Rao through planting schedule, improvement of cropping pattern and the management of optimum irrigation water improvement to calculate irrigation water necessity by considering the water availability. Furthermore, factor analysis of farmer social condition is done using interview and questioner. The result shows that the cropping intensity at irrigation area of Panti Rao might be increased with the cropping pattern management. By applying Paddy-Paddy-Palawija, cropping intensity is about 300% with the increasing of cropping intensity of 124%, cropping intensity resulted by the Paddy-Paddy-Paddy pattern is 250,60% with the increasing of cropping intensity is 74,60%. While the estimation of production is 91.300 ton of rice per year and 24.900 ton crops per year by applying Paddy-Paddy-Palawija pattern or 114.399 ton rice per year with Paddy-Paddy-Paddy pattern. For optimum agricultural production and productivity at irrigation area of Panti Rao, it necessary to conduct training and conselling to farmers through farmers association (P3A), as well as preparing agricultural production tools and quantity on time.
Copyrights © 2009