Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Vol 12, No 2 (2007): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia

Dampak Perambahan Hutan Taman Nasional Lore Lindu Terhadap Fungsi Hidrologi Dan Beban Erosi (Studi Kasus Daerah Aliran Sungai Nopu Hulu, Sulawesi Tengah)

Hidayat, Yayat (Unknown)
Sinukaban, Naik (Unknown)
Pawitan, Hidayat (Unknown)
Tarigan, Suria Darma (Unknown)



Article Info

Publish Date
18 Mar 2013

Abstract

The research was proposed to identify rainforest conversion impact on hydrologic function and soil erosion, and its simulation using ANSWERS model. Surface runoff and soil erosion were measured in soil erosion plots and outlet of Nopu Upper Catchment. Rainforest conversion to agricultural lands were significantly increased soil erosions and surface runoffs. Soil erosion from maize and peanut rotation was higher 2061.8% than natural forest. It higher value also in intercroping young age cocoa, maize and cassava and maize were 2023.8% and 2012.3% respectively. While surface runoffs increased up to 761.7°/o on bare plot, 567.5% on medium age cocoa, 446.8°/o on young age cocoa, 415.1°/o on intercroping young age cacao, maize and cassavas, 405.9°/o on old cocoa, and 329.5% on intercroping young age cacao and cassavas. Crop and management factor (C factor) value is significantly corelated with outputs of ANSWERS model. Using daily daily C factors, the ANSWERS model performs well in predicting soil erosion which is showed by determination coefficent (Jr = 0.89), model efficiency (0.86), and average of percentage model deviations (24.1%). Whereas using USlE C factor, model accuracy lower which represented by model coefficient (0.40) and average of percentage model deviations (63.6%). Using daily C factors, ANSWERS model simulation indicates rainforest conversion into agricultural lands on Nopu Upper Catchment has caused soil and water loss 3190.5 ton/year and 115441.0 m3/year, respectively. Agroforestry system practices in agricultural lands which in line with reforestation in stream line and steep agricultural areas (slope> 40°/o) was effective to reduce soil erosions up to 77.6°/o.

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Journal Info

Abbrev

JIPI

Publisher

Subject

Agriculture, Biological Sciences & Forestry

Description

Artikel yang dimuat meliputi hasil-hasil penelitian, analisis kebijakan, dan opini-opini yang berhubungan dengan pertanian dalam arti luas, seperti agronomi, ilmu tanah, hama dan penyakit tanamam, ilmu kehewanan, kedokteran veteriner, keteknikan pertanian, teknologi industri, teknologi pangan, ilmu ...