Jurnal Bioteknologi & Biosains Indonesia (JBBI)
Vol 1, No 1 (2014): December 2014

TINJAUAN LOVASTATIN DAN APLIKASINYA

Hardianto, Dudi (Unknown)



Article Info

Publish Date
26 Dec 2014

Abstract

Lovastatin is a drug belonging to statins group that is used to decrease the cholesterol levels in blood. The action mechanism of lovastatin is inhibition of the activity of HMG-CoA reductase enzyme, hence reducing cholesterol production in the liver. Some filamentous fungi produce lovastatin, and Aspergillus terreus is known as the highest lovastatin-producing filamentous fungi, therefore it is generally used for production of lovastatin. Commercial production of lovastatin is based on submerged fermentation. But nowadays solid-state fermentation is becoming an alternative for production of lovastatin. Lovastatin is mainly used for antihypercholeterolemia. Other potential uses of lovastatin include therapy of Alzheimer’s disease, cancer, osteoporosis, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, and rheumatoid arthritis.Keywords: Statin, lovastatin, Aspergillus terreus, fermentation, antihypercholeterolemia ABSTRAK Lovastatin merupakan obat golongan statin yang digunakan untuk menurunkan kadar kolesterol dalam darah. Mekanisme kerja lovastatin adalah menghambat enzim HMG-CoA reduktase sehingga produksi kolesterol di dalam hati berkurang. Beberapa kapang berfilamen memproduksi lovastatin dan Aspergillus terreus merupakan kapang penghasil lovastatin tertinggi sehingga digunakan dalam produksi lovastatin. Produksi lovastatin secara komersial menggunakan fermentasi cair tetapi sekarang ini fermentasi padat menjadi alternatif lain untuk memproduksi lovastatin. Lovastatin digunakan terutama untuk antihiperkolesterolemia. Lovastatin juga potensial digunakan untuk pengobatan penyakit alzheimer, kanker, osteoporosis, parkinson, multiple sclerosis, dan rheumatoid arthritis.Kata kunci: Statin, lovastatin, Aspergillus terreus, fermentasi, antihypercholeterolemia

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Journal Info

Abbrev

JBBI

Publisher

Subject

Agriculture, Biological Sciences & Forestry Biochemistry, Genetics & Molecular Biology Immunology & microbiology

Description

JBBI, Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology & Bioscience, is published twice annually and provide scientific publication medium for researchers, engineers, practitioners, academicians, and observers in the field related to biotechnology and bioscience. This journal accepts original papers, review ...