Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease
Vol 5, No 5 (2015)

THE PREVALENCE OF HUMAN IMMUNODEFIENCY VIRUS-1 (HIV-1) SUBTYPES AND TRANSMISSION METHOD AMONG HIV/AIDS INFECTION PATIENT IN TULUNGAGUNG, EAST JAVA INDONESIA

Ardianto, Achmad (Unknown)
Khairunisa, Siti Qamariyah (Unknown)
Kotaki, Tomohiro (Unknown)
Witaningrum, Adiana Mutamsari (Unknown)
Qushay, M. (Unknown)
Juniastuti, Juniastuti (Unknown)
Rahayu, Retno Pudji (Unknown)
Widiyanti, Prihartini (Unknown)
Utomo, Budi (Unknown)
Lusida, Maria Inge (Unknown)
Nasronudin, Nasronudin (Unknown)



Article Info

Publish Date
31 Jul 2015

Abstract

The rapid epidemic growth of HIV is continuing in Indonesia. There are some factors which have influenced the spreading of this epidemic in Indonesia, such as the poor awareness to avoid unsafe free sex attitude and the sharing of needles and syringes among intravenous drug users (IDUs). The sexual transmission of HIV has also apparently increased in Tulungagung. Commercial sex workers play a significant role in the spread of HIV in Tulungagung. People in Tulungagung have worked at other countries as Indonesian migrants. This condition can cause the increase number of HIV-1 case and the possibility of genetic variation (subtype) HIV-1 in Tulungagung. This research is aimed to analyze the subtype and to determine estimation of transmission mode on infected patient of HIV-1 and AIDS who came to Seruni clinic Dr. Iskak hospital in Tulungagung. 40 HIV?AIDSpatients were interviewed to determine the subtype and the transmission mode. The results showed that 14 of 40 plasma samples (35%) were successfully to amplified and sequenced. OverallCRF01-AE wereidentified as predominant subtype among HIV/AIDS patients in Tulungagung. Based on individual information, 31 of 40 subjects (77%) were heterosexual transmission.

Copyrights © 2015






Journal Info

Abbrev

IJTID

Publisher

Subject

Earth & Planetary Sciences Health Professions Medicine & Pharmacology Public Health

Description

This journal is a peer-reviewed journal established to promote the recognition of emerging and reemerging diseases specifically in Indonesia, South East Asia, other tropical countries and around the world, and to improve the understanding of factors involved in disease emergence, prevention, and ...