purposes of this study are (1) analyze the leadership of Parabela in Buton Society, (2) analyze the role of leadership of Parabela and local government support in forest conservation byÂ local wisdom approach. TheÂ The results showed that the leadership ofÂ Parabela in Buton has presented into two differentÂ periods namely the period of sultanate and the government period now. At the period of sultanate, Parabela as single elite has the power and authority and also influence which is based on the customÂ rules. However, recently the presence of Parabela isÂ forest conservation based on local wisdom, apparent from the personated of Parabela asÂ informant, costume functionary, mediator and decisions maker in preserving and maintaining theÂ forest area called Kambo Forest.
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