31 Aug 2010
Plant has two important equipment that are the generator and transformer. Therefore, it should be protected well by theÂ overall differential relay. This relay must be reliable from the disturbances that might arise. In this study a simulation was conductedÂ to obtain and test the overall differential relay setting at generator unit 1 PLTA Ketenger. Modelling was done with MATLABÂ Simulink 7.0.1 to check the overall differential relay protection system from potentialproblems. The model was given severalÂ disturbances, namely 1) short circuit fault in the security area, 2) short circuit fault outside the security area, and 3) lightningÂ disturbances when damaged arrester. From the simulation results, the overall differential relay operating current is 1.73 A (primaryÂ side) and 1.64 A (secondary side). The results show that the overall differential relay provides a good response, except in the lightningÂ fault with a current above 9x109 A (going the mismatch). For handlingthis problem another arrester should be added.
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