Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy)
Vol 43, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia

Peran Pupuk Organik dalam Peningkatan Efisiensi Pupuk Anorganik pada Padi Sawah (Oryza sativa L.)

Siwanto, Totong ( 1Program Studi Agronomi dan Hortikultura, Sekolah Pascasarjana, Institut Pertanian Bogor 2Badan Pelaksana Penyuluhan Pertanian Perikanan dan Kehutanan (BP4K), Kabupaten Halmahera Timur, Provinsi Maluku Utara, Jl. Raya Soagimalaha, Kota Maba, Indone )
,, Sugiyanta ( Departemen Agronomi dan Hortikultura, Fakultas Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor (Bogor Agricultural University), Jl. Meranti, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680, Indonesia )
Melati, Maya ( Departemen Agronomi dan Hortikultura, Fakultas Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor (Bogor Agricultural University), Jl. Meranti, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680, Indonesia )



Article Info

Publish Date
30 Jun 2015

Abstract

ABSTRACTApplication of organic fertilizer into the soil is designated as a source of macro, micro nutrients and organic acids; it also acts as soil ameliorant that improve physical, chemical and biological properties of soil. Application of high rates organic fertilizer has a constraint namely the availability and ease of application. Therefore, it is necessary to learn the use of organic fertilizer with low rates to improve the efficiency of chemical fertilizers. This research was aimed to study the effect of organic and inorganic fertilizers on growth and yield of paddy rice, as well as the efficiency of N, P, K inorganic fertilizer. Field experiment was conducted at Sawah Baru Research Station, University Farm IPB, Bogor, West Java from September to December 2013. The experiment used Randomized Block Design consisted of two factors: rates of organic fertilizer (0, 250, 500, 750, and 1,000 kg ha-1), and rates of inorganic fertilizer (0, 100, 200, 300, and 400 kg ha-1). The results suggested that the application of 1,000 kg organic fertilizer ha-1 + 400 kg inorganic fertilizer ha-1 did not show significant interaction. Application of organic fertilizer alone up to 1,000 kg ha-1 resulted in low growth and yield. Increasing rates of  application up to 400 kg inorganic fertilizer ha-1 increased the growth and yield of paddy rice. The highest N efficiency was 89.19% at a rate of 500 kg organic fertilizer ha-1 + 200 kg inorganic fertilizer ha-1, whereas the highest efficiency of P and K, respectively were 69.55% and 92.52% at a rate of 750 kg organic fertilizer ha-1 + 300 kg inorganic fertilizer ha-1.Keywords: NPK, organic fertilizer, paddy rice

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Journal Info

Abbrev

jurnalagronomi

Publisher

Subject

Agriculture, Biological Sciences & Forestry Economics, Econometrics & Finance

Description

urnal Agronomi Indonesia, sebelumnya bernama Buletin Agronomi, terbit sejak 1962, diterbitkan oleh Departemen Agronomi dan Hortikultura Fakultas Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor dan Perhimpunan Agronomi Indonesia (PERAGI). Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia merupakan media untuk publikasi tulisan asli ...