Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association
Vol. 59 No. 6 June 2009

Degree of Problems Related to Drug Abuse and Risk Factors among Senior High School Students

Afandi, Dedi ( Faculty of Medicine University of Riau )
Chandra, Fifia ( Faculty of Medicine University of Riau )
Novitasari, Dwi ( Ministry of Heath Republic of Indonesia )
Widjaja, Ivan Riyanto ( Faculty of Medicine University of Indonesia )
Kurniawan, Lilik ( Faculty of Medicine University of Riau )



Article Info

Publish Date
30 Jun 2009

Abstract

Adolescent is clearly a high risk group for drug abuse, and could threaten to the comunity. This cross sectional study was designed to investigate degree of problem to drug abuse and risk factors among senior high school students. Two hundred and ten students were included from 7 senior high school at Pekanbaru city. Multiple logistic regression was used to analyze risk factors. The degree of drug abuse was measured using Drug Abuse Screening Test (DAST-10) and self-reported questionnaires were administered to identify risk factors. This study showed that 67% of respondent did not have a problem related to drug abuse. There were significant association of sex, living with parents, smoking habit, friend smokes, and attending extracurricular activity (p<0.005) with drug abuse while parent’s marital status, academic performance and member of peer group were not (p=0.920, p=0.236, p=0.937, respectively). Regression analysis showed risk factors related degree of drug abuse were living of respondents (OR=3.969, p=0.002), active in extracurricular activity (OR=0.316, p=0.001) and smoking habit (OR=0.227, p=0.001).Keywords: adolescent, drug abuse, DAST-10, risk factors, senior high school students

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