Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association
Vol. 58 No. 1 January 2008

Musculoskeletal Pain among Industrial Workers in Pulo Gadung Industrial Estate, Jakarta

Riyadina, Woro ( National Institute of Health Research and Development Ministry of Health )
Suharyanto, Frans X ( National Institute of Health Research and Development Ministry of Health )
Tana, Lusianawaty ( National Institute of Health Research and Development Ministry of Health )



Article Info

Publish Date
31 Jan 2008

Abstract

Abnormalities of musculoskeletal system was the main cause of chronic and physical pain. The objective of this study is to describe musculoskeletal pain among workers in many types of industries related to the risk factors. The design was cross sectional that involved 950 workers. The sample were workers in production division from seven types of industries (garment, printing, chemical, spare parts, food, steel, and constructions) in Pulo Gadung Industrial Estate, East Jakarta in 2006. Data collection was done by interview using questionnaires. The result of this study showed that the majority of workers in the production division were as follows: age 20-39 years old (33.9 %), male (68.1%), education senior high school (65.7%), married (78.3%), Javanese ethnics (59.1%), middle physical activity during work (71.7%) and standing position during work (61.9%). Number of industrial workers who suffered musculoskeletal pain were 502 workers (52.8%) and the most three types of industry were garment (65.2%), printing (63%) and constructions (60%). Parts of the body often suffered musculoskeletal pain were leg (22.7%), back (17.1%) and shoulder (9.5%). Musculoskeletal pain was significantly related to the distress condition with OR 1.62 times (95% CI 1.25-2.11), anemia OR 1.56 times (95% CI 1.07-2.28) and the risk of sitting position 1.51 times (95% CI 1.15-1.96). The proportion of pain among industrial workers of production division in Pulogadung Industrial Estate was still high. Therefore, accurate intervention model to decrease and to cure musculoskeletal pain is needed to improve mental health, nutrition and ergonomics of the workers.Keywords: pain, musculoskeletal, worker, industry

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