03 Mar 2015
AbstractThere are some skills must be achieved to have capability in using English well, such as structure, listening, reading, writing and speaking.Reading is a productive capability which can combine many activities and achievements in language art, it is also essential in education and occupation, because most of informations and references are written in English. One can be a good reader if he has motivation to read and know how to use the strategy in reading activity.The students usually read the text carefully and try to translate all words in the text to understand reading materials, they waste their time and donât have enough time to answer the questions based on the text, especially when they are doing a test. Worse than that, they often misunderstand the text because they translate the words in the text one by one.This research presents a reading strategy, that is skimming. Using this strategy, it is hoped that the students can read fast and get more informations in a text, that they can answer the questions based on the text quickly and correctly.This research is done towards the second semester students of Education and Teachersâ Training Faculty of State Institute for Islamic Studies Raden Intan Lampung. Research methodology used is experiment method with factorial design 2x2 and held in 8 times of meeting, 2 x 45 minutes for each.After doing the hypothesis, the results are:(1) Reading comprehension of students who are taught by using skimming strategy is better than those who are taught by using scanning strategy. (2) Reading comprehension of higher reading interest students who are taught by using skimming strategy is better than lower reading interest ones. (3) Reading comprehension of lower reading interest students who are taught by using scanning strategy is better than lower reading interest ones. (4) Reading comprehension of higher reading interest students who are taught by using skimming strategy is better than those who are taught by using scanning strategy. (5) Reading comprehension of lower interest students who are taught by using scanning strategy is better than those who are taught by using skimming strategy. It is easier for them to answer the questions by finding certain facts or information in the text than understanding the whole text. (6) There is a significant influence of reading strategy and reading interest towards studentsâ reading comprehension.The conclusions of this research are:(1) It is effective to use skimming strategy in teaching reading process to increase studentsâ reading comprehension. (2) Reading interest is influenced studentsâÂ reading comprehension, the higherer their interests in reading the better they can get the comprehension. (3) It will be more effective to teach higher interest students by using skimming strategy because they are trained to comprehen the whole text quickly without reading each word in the text. (4) Generally, reading comprehension of students who are taught by using skimming strategy is better than those who are taught by using scanning strategy. But as a matter of fact, scanning strategy is effective to increase reading comprehension for lower interest students. Because by using this strategy, they are trained to reach where the needed information in the text quickly, so if they read questions based on the text, they can find the answer fast. (5) Studentsâ reading comprehension is depend on what strategy the use and how high the interest they have to read. If they use the right strategy and have high interest to read, they can get the reading comprehension faster and easier. It is clear that there is an influence between reading strategy and interest towards studentsâ reading comprehension.Keywods: Reading strategy, skimming, scanning.
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