Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan
Vol 42, No 3 Sep (2014)

HUBUNGAN ANTARA SINDROM MENOPAUSE DENGAN KUALITAS HIDUP PEREMPUAN MENOPAUSE DI PUSKESMAS SUKAHAJI KABUPATEN MAJALENGKA

Astari, Ruri Yuni ( Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Padjadjaran Bandung Indonesia )
Tarawan, Vita Murniati ( Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Padjadjaran Bandung Indonesia )
Sekarwana, Nanan ( Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Padjadjaran Bandung Indonesia )



Article Info

Publish Date
13 Jan 2015

Abstract

AbstractMenopause is a natural phase experienced by every woman, a reproduction process characterized by the end of the fertile period of a woman because the ovaries are no longer produce estrogen and progesterone, and may cause menopausal complaints which are referred to as menopausal syndrome. Problems or changes experienced by menopause women may lead to a crisis that will affect the quality of life. This study aims to analyze the correlation between menopausal syndrome and the quality of life. The study method was analytic observational with cross sectional design. The population were women who had experienced menopause for 1-2 years in Sukahaji Majalengka Primary Health Center area and met the study criteria such as were still have a husband, had no menstruation experience for 1-2 years and were able to read. Sampling technique was performed by total sampling, conducted in February until March 2013. Menopausal syndrome was measured by using MSQ (Menopause Symptom Questionnaire) and quality of life was measured by using The World Health Organization Quality Of Life questionnaire (WHOQOL - BREF). Data was analyzed with univariate, bivariate and multivariate statistical analysis. The results presented strong negative correlation between physiological and psychological menopausal syndrome aspects in quality of life (r = -0.786, p = 0.000 and r = -0.706, p = 0.000), a negative correlation was simultaneouly strong in physiological and psychological aspects of menopausal syndrome and the quality of life of women (r = -0.772, p = 0.000), a significant correlation between income and education and quality of life (r = -0.313 p = 0.011 and r = -0.359 p = 0.003). Parity was not significantly associated with quality of life of menopause women. Conclusion: menopausal syndrome had impacts on the quality of life of menopause women. Social support, self-confidence and positive attitude towards the complaints of the menopause women to accept menopause as a gift because it is normal for a woman are especially needed.Keywords : Menopausal Syndrome, Quality of Life, MajalengkaAbstrakMenopause merupakan fase alamiah yang dialami oleh setiap perempuan, merupakan proses reproduksi yang ditandai berakhirnya masa subur seorang perempuan karena ovarium sudah tidak menghasilkan hormon estrogen dan progesteron, sehingga menimbulkan berbagai keluhan menopause yang disebut sebagai sindrom menopause. Masalah atau perubahan yang dialami perempuan menopause akan menimbulkan suatu krisis yang akan mempengaruhi kualitas hidup. Tujuan penelitian untuk menganalisis hubungan antara sindrom menopause dengan kualitas hidup. Metode penelitian dilakukan secara observasional analitik dengan rancangan potong lintang. Populasi adalah perempuan yang telah menopause selama 1–2 tahun di wilayah Puskesmas Sukahaji Kabupaten Majalengka dan memenuhi kriteria penelitian, yaitu masih mempunyai suami, sudah tidak mengalami haid selama 1-2 tahun dan mampu membaca.Teknik pengambilan sampel dilakukan secara total sampling, dilaksanakan bulan Februari sampai dengan Maret 2013. Sindrom menopause diukur menggunakan kuesioner MSQ (Menopause Symptom Questionaire) dan kualitas hidup diukur menggunakan kuesioner (WHOQOLBREF)The World Health Organization Quality Of Life. Data di analisis secara statistik univariat, bivariat dan multivariat. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan adanya hubungan negatif kuat antara sindrom menopause aspek fisiologis dan psikologis dengan kualitas hidup (r= -0,786 p=0,000 dan r= -0,706 p=0,000), hubungan negatif kuat secara simultan sindrom menopause  aspek  fisiologis  dan  psikologis  dengan  kualitas  hidup  perempuan  (r=  -0,772,  p =0,000), hubungan bermakna antara penghasilan dan pendidikan dengan kualitas hidup (r= -0,313 p=0,011 dan r= -0,359 p=0,003). Paritas tidak berhubungan bermakna dengan kualitas hidup perempuan menopause. Simpulan: sindrom menopause berdampak pada penurunan kualitas hidup perempuan menopause. Perlunya memberikan dukungan sosial, kepercayaan diri dan sikap positif terhadap keluhan yang dialami perempuan menopause sehingga dapat menerima menopause sebagai karunia karena bersifat normal bagi seorang perempuan.Kata Kunci : Sindrom Menopause, Kualitas Hidup, Kabupaten Majalengka

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Journal Info

Abbrev

BPK

Publisher

Subject

Decision Sciences, Operations Research & Management Health Professions

Description

Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health Research) merupakan salah satu jurnal yang dipublikasikan oleh Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan (National Institute of Health Research and Development), Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan diterbitkan 4 ...