Media Gizi Mikro Indonesia
Vol 5, No 2 (2014)

Hubungan Tingkat Pengetahuan Ibu tentang GAKI, Sikap dan Praktek dengan Kualitas Garam Beriodium di Rumah Tangga

Mulyantoro, Donny Kristanto ( Balai Litbang GAKI Magelang )
Triastuti, Anjar ( Balai Litbang GAKI Magelang )
Setyani, Asih (Unknown)



Article Info

Publish Date
27 Jan 2015

Abstract

ABSTRACT The use of iodized salt for prevention programs of Iodine Deficiency Disorders (IDD) was still facing many obstacles. Poor quality of iodized salt and non iodized salt was still circulating in the market. The level of knowledge, attitudes and practices of consumers on IDD prevention can influence both selection and purchase of standardized iodized salt which in turn will affect the supply of iodine at household level. This research was conducted in District Pakis of Magelang regency with cross sectional design. Samples of eligible women aged between 18-45 years were selected at random. The level of knowledge was measured using a structured questionnaire. Attitudes were measured using the statement of attitude scale. Iodine content in salt was measured using the iodometric method. The purpose of the study was to determine the relationships between the level of knowledge, attitudes and practices on the quality of iodized salt consumed in the household. The results of this study indicate that there is no relationships between the level of knowledge and attitudes to the quality of household iodized salt. Good level of knowledge obtained from the study subjects only simple knowledge of the term and how prevent IDD use iodized salt instead of how to perform the selection of iodized salt by iodine content in the salt test.The level of a good knowledge of IDD not guarantee a salt containing iodine consumption according to standard ISO. This happens because there are still many low quality iodized salt and non iodized salt sold in the market. Keywords: iodized salt, practice, attitude, level of knowledge.   ABSTRAK Program garam beriodium untuk penanggulangan GAKI masih banyak menemui kendala. Kualitas garam beriodium yang jelek dan garam non iodium masih banyak beredar di pasaran. Tingkat pengetahuan, sikap dan praktek konsumen tentang upaya penanggulangan GAKI dapat mempengaruhi pemilihan dan pembelian garam beriodium sesuai SNI yang pada gilirannya akan mempengaruhi penyediaan sumber iodium di rumah tangga. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Kecamatan Pakis, Kabupaten Magelang dengan disain cross sectional. Sampel wanita usia subur berumur antara 18-45 tahun yang dipilih secara random. Tingkat pengetahuan diukur menggunakan kuesioner terstruktur. Sikap diukur menggunakan daftar pernyataan sebagai skala sikap. Kadar iodium dalam garam diukur menggunakan metode iodometri. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan antara tingkat pengetahuan, sikap dan praktek terhadap kualitas garam beriodium yang dikonsumsi di rumah tangga. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa tidak ada hubungan antara tingkat pengetahuan dan sikap dengan kualitas garam beriodium di rumah tangga. Tingkat pengetahuan yang baik dari responden hanya diperoleh dari pengetahuan sederhana tentang istilah GAKI dan cara penanggulangannya menggunakan garam beriodium dan bukan dari bagaimana cara melakukan pemilihan garam beriodium dengan melakukan tes kandungan iodium dalam garam. Tingkat pengetahuan yang baik tentang GAKI dan upaya penanggulanggannya tidak menjamin mendapatkan garam konsumsi mengandung iodium sesuai standar SNI. Hal ini terjadi karena masih banyak ditemukan garam beriodium dengan kualitas rendah dan garam non iodium dijual di pasaran. Kata kunci: garam beriodium, praktek, sikap, tingkat pengetahuan.

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Journal Info

Abbrev

mgmi

Publisher

Subject

Health Professions

Description

Media Gizi Mikro Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Micronutrient) is a scientific journal published periodically by the Center for Research and Development of Iodine Deficiency Disorders (BPP GAKI), regularly twice a year. A paper published in the form of text / article the results of research and ...