Jurnal Akuntansi Multiparadigma
Vol 1, No 1 (2010): Jurnal Akuntansi Multiparadigma

Perilaku Oportunistik Creative Accounting dan Upaya Menginternalisasi Nilai Etika; Suatu Kajian Psikologi

Ali, Iqbal M. Aris ( Universitas Khairun )



Article Info

Publish Date
18 Jan 2012

Abstract

Conflict analysis as described in agency theory shows that asymetric information could occur. Information given to the principal might be sorted out in order to secure agents’ interests. This behavior is called oportunisitic behavior that encourages the practice of earnings management. To predict and explain opportunistic behavior, Watts and Zimmerman formulate three hypotheses: (1) bonus plan hypotheses, (2) debt covenant hypotheses, and (3) the political cost hypotheses. Research results based on these hypotheses prove that the practice of earnings management is more likely to be done without regard to principles of ethical values. By using cognitive and humanistic psychology, such as the Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA), and the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB)) the motive for opportunistic behavior could be explained and ethical behaviour that are influenced by social norms such as religions could be reconstructed. If individual feels that opportunistic behavior is contrary to religious norms and rules (GAAP /PSAK) then he will refuse to behave opportunistically. The rules of accounting policies that provide the opportunity for agents to select based on merit, enable rationalization of the opportunistic behavior as a self reaction mechanism that could justify the behavior as efforts to protect from external threats.

Copyrights © 2010






Journal Info

Abbrev

jamal

Publisher

Subject

Economics, Econometrics & Finance

Description

Jurnal Akuntansi Multiparadigma or Journal of Multiparadigm Accounting (JAMAL) has been published since April 2010 by Universitas Brawijaya, and since 2014 has been collaborating with Masyarakat Akuntansi Multiparadigma Indonesia. JAMAL publishes scientific articles and highly appreciates creative ...