Bioclimatic architecture as a design approach takes an advantage climate parametersÂ to answer the problems of environment and energy. This approach is appliedÂ to optimize the quality of architectural design through the comfort and healthÂ of their environment. It was developed by simulating the design in the case of aÂ middle apartment in Surabaya. To achieve its design goals is simulated: 1) transformingÂ mass-form, 2) setting housing-unit plan, 3) making housing-unit facade,Â and 4) organizing overall lay-out. Simulation of this design is using several alternativeÂ designs to obtain an optimal design. Bioclimatic architecture is successfullyÂ implemented if it can optimize the potential of the existing climate. BioclimaticÂ quality is achieved when a middle apartment is designed to optimize penetrationÂ of natural light, cooling and air exchange building mass as well as minimizeÂ the acquisition of direct solar radiation. Bioclimatic architecture approach requiresÂ consideration of such architectural contexts: urban, economic and social aspects,Â because the technical nature.
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