AGROISTA : Jurnal Agroteknologi
Vol 1, No 1 (2017)

RESPONSE OF SALINE-RESISTANT RICE VARIETIES TO SOME SUBMERGENCE DURATION WITH DIFFERENT LEVEL OF SALINITY

Firmansyah, Erick (Unknown)
Kurniasih, Budiastuti (Unknown)
Indradewa, Didik (Unknown)



Article Info

Publish Date
15 Sep 2017

Abstract

Indonesia population predicted to reach 304.9 million in 2035 and requires 70% more rice as food ?supply than ?today. ?The ?fulfillment ?of ?food ?supply? experienced ?constraints ?such ?as submergence and salinity caused by climate change. Salinity and submergence stresses may occur in the same time, and the crop response to them has not been widely known. Research has been done to find out the responses of rice to salinity and submergence. The submergence level as the first factor consists of three levels (without submergence (R0); one-week submergence ?(R1); ?And ?two-week ?submergence ?(R2)}, ?salinity? level ?as ?a ?second ?factor consists of two levels {non saline (S1); And saline (S2) to obtain six combinations and each combination is repeated three times. Observations were made on the ratio of the leaf area ratio, the typical leaf area, the canopy -root ratio, the typical leaf weight and the canopy growth rate of the canopy. The weight of grain per clump becomes the observed production parameter at the end of the generative phase. The results showed that there was interaction between submergence duration and salinity level on leaf area ratio, typical leaf area, and canopy-root ratio. Observation of typical leaf weight and relative growth rate showed the treatment of submergence and salinity gave an individual effect. Two weeks of submergence cause plant to death. The saline treatment in all submergence levels resulted in a decrease in the weight of grain per hill. Plants survived one-week non-saline submergence, but two weeks non-saline submergence caused the plant to die.?Keywords: Rice, salinity, submergence

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Journal Info

Abbrev

AGI

Publisher

Subject

Agriculture, Biological Sciences & Forestry Biochemistry, Genetics & Molecular Biology

Description

Agroista diterbitkan oleh Institut Pertanian Stiper Yogyakarta. Agroista merupakan sarana informasi ilmiah perkembangan ilmu Agroteknologi yang mencakup berbagai komoditas perkebunan dan pertanian yang berupa hasil penelitian ilmiah dan kajian teoritis. ...