Jurnal Keperawatan Jiwa
Vol 7, No 1 (2019): Mei 2019

KOMUNIKASI TERAPEUTIK TENAGA KESEHATAN TERHADAP ORANG DENGAN GANGGUAN JIWA PASCA PASUNG(STUDI KASUS KOMUNIKASI TERAPEUTIK ODGJ PASCA PASUNG)

Wahyuningsih, Sri (Unknown)
Dinda, Susanne (Unknown)
Suminar, Jenny Ratna (Unknown)
Setianti, Yanti (Unknown)



Article Info

Publish Date
27 May 2019

Abstract

Tujuan penelitian adalah ingin mengetahui bagaimana komunikasiterapeutik tenaga kesehatan terhadappasien ODGJ pasca pasung di Posyandu Jiwa desa Wonorejo Kecamatan Singosari Kabupaten Malang provinsi Jawa Timur. Metode penelitiannya kualitatif berparadigma konstruktivis dengan pendekatan studi kasus, metode pengumpulan datanya adalah observasi, wawancara mendalam, dukumentasi, dan bahan audio visual. Teknik analisis datanya menciptakan dan mengorganisasikan file, membaca seluruh teks, membuat catatan pinggir, membentuk kode awal, mendiskripsikan kasus dan konteksnya, menggunakan agregasi kategorikal, menggunakan penafsiran langsung, menyajikan gambaran mendalam kasus menggunakan narasi, dan gambar. Validitas datanya triangulasi dan member check. Hasil penelitian komunikasi terapeutik ODGJ pasca pasung di Posyandu Jiwa desa Wonorejo yang dilakukan oleh tenaga kesehatan melalui pendekatan komunikasi terapeutik psikiater yang dibantu perawat adalah telepsychiatry dan terapi obat. Komunikasi terapeutik perawat yang dibantu kader jiwa adalah handycraft yaitu pembuatan kemoceng, sandal, bros, dan keset; Terapi psikoreligius dengan berdzikir, bersholawat, mengaji, dan tuntutan sholat; dan Terapi Aktivitas Kelompok adalah mengajak pasien bermain, bersosialisasi. Relevansi dengan teori Interaksi Simbolik, konsep pikiran bahwa bahasa dan interaksi adalah suatu sistem yang dapat memberikan simbol-simbol bermakna diantara hubungan psikiater, perawat, dan pasien, konsep diri bahwa setiap diri yang diperankan oleh tenaga kesehatan dan pasien ODGJ mempunyai nilai dari pandangan orang lain. Konsep masyarakat, pada particular other, bahwa tenaga kesehatan dan keluarga adalah orang yang paling dekat keberadaannya terhadap pasien ODGJ, sedangkan generalized other bahwa masyarakat wilayah dalam memandang ODGJ dekat dengan mereka, masyarakat wilayah luar mendiskriminasikan mereka.  Kata kunci: Komunikasi terapeutik, telepsychiatry, odgj pascapasung, teori interaksi simbolik THERAPEUTIC COMMUNICATION OF HEALTH WORKER FOR PEOPLE WITH MENTAL DISORDERS POST PASUNG  ABSTRACTThe purpose of the study was to find out how therapeutic communication of health personnel on post-pasung ODGJ patients at the Posyandu Jiwa village in Wonorejo, Singosari Subdistrict, Malang Regency as a DSSJ guided by Dr. Radjiman Wediodiningrat Mental Hospital Lawang District, Malang District, East Java Province. The qualitative research method is constructivist paradigm with a case study approach, the data collection methods are observation, in-depth interviews, documentation, and audio-visual material. The data analysis technique creates and organizes files, reads the entire text, makes marginal notes, forms the initial code, describes the case and its context, uses categorical aggregation, uses direct interpretation, presents an in-depth picture of cases using narration, and images. The validity of the data is triangulation and member check. The results of the post-pasung ODGJ therapeutic communication study at the Posyandu Jiwa village in Wonorejo were carried out by health workers through a psikiater communication therapeutic approach with nurse, the treatment of telepsychiatry and drug therapy. A nurse communication therapeutic approach, the treatments are handicrafts, namely making duster, sandals, brooches, and mats; Psychological treatment with dhikr, praying, reciting, and praying demands; and Therapy Group Activity is to invite patients to play, socialize. Relevance to the Symbolic Interaction theory, the concept of mind that language and interaction is a system that can provide meaningful symbols between the relationship of psychiatrists, nurses, and patients, self-concept that each person played by health workers and ODGJ patients has value from the viewpoint of others . The concept of society, in a particular other, is that health workers and families are the closest people to ODGJ patients, whereas other generalized people in the area view ODGJ as close to them, outside communities discriminate against them.Keywords: Therapeutic communication, telepsychiatry, odgj post pasung, symbolic interaction theory

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Journal Info

Abbrev

JKJ

Publisher

Subject

Nursing

Description

Jurnal Keperawatan Jiwa publishes articles in the scope of mental nursing broadly but is limited, especially in the field of mental nursing in healthy groups, risks, and disorders. Articles must be the result of research, case studies, results of literature studies, scientific concepts, knowledge ...