Sitorus, Jansen
National Institute of Aeronautics and Space of Indonesia (LAPAN)

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DETECTING THE LAVA FLOW DEPOSITS FROM 2018 ANAK KRAKATAU ERUPTION USING DATA FUSION LANDSAT-8 OPTIC AND SENTINEL-1 SAR Suwarsono, NFn; Prasasti, Indah; Nugroho, Jalu Tejo; Sitorus, Jansen; Triyono, Djoko
International Journal of Remote Sensing and Earth Sciences (IJReSES) Vol 15, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : National Institute of Aeronautics and Space of Indonesia (LAPAN)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (817.489 KB) | DOI: 10.30536/j.ijreses.2018.v15.a3078

Abstract

The increasing volcanic activity of Anak Krakatau volcano has raised concerns about a major disaster in the area around the Sunda Strait. The objective of the research is to fuse Landsat-8 OLI (Operational Land Imager) and Sentinel-1 TOPS (Terrain Observation with Progressive Scans), an integration of SAR and optic remote sensing data, in observing the lava flow deposits resulted from Anak Krakatau eruption during the middle 2018 eruption. RGBI and the Brovey transformation were conducted to merge (fuse) the optical and SAR data.  The results showed that optical and SAR data fusion sharpened the appearance of volcano morphology and lava flow deposits. The regions are often constrained by cloud cover and volcanic ash, which occurs at the time of the volcanic eruption.  The RGBI-VV and Brovey RGB-VV methods provide better display quality results in revealing the morphology of volcanic cone and lava deposits. The entire slopes of Anak Krakatau Volcano, with a radius of about 1 km from the crater is an area prone to incandescent lava and pyroclastic falls. The direction of the lava flow has the potential to spread in all directions. The fusion method of optical Landsat-8 and Sentinel-1 SAR data can be used continuously in monitoring the activity of Anak Krakatau volcano and other volcanoes in Indonesia both in cloudy and clear weather conditions.