Mubarokah, Wida Wahidah
Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan Universitas Gadjah Mada bekerjasama dengan PB PDHI

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Daya Anthelmintik Infusa Biji Buah Pinang (Areca catechu) Terhadap Cacing Ascaridia galli Secara in Vitro Mubarokah, Wida Wahidah; Nurcahyo, Wisnu; Kurniasih, Kurniasih
Jurnal Sain Veteriner Vol 36, No 2 (2018): Desember
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan Universitas Gadjah Mada bekerjasama dengan PB PDHI

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Abstract

A. galli infection caused high economic losses and decreased the amount and quality of egg production. The existence of anthelmintic resistance lead to the development of research on alternative treatments for A. galli. This aim of the research was to know LC50 of Areca catechu on infestation of A. galli. In this research A. galli was taken from a chicken slaughterhouse in Terban, Yogyakarta, and was divided into 8 groups for in vitro research. Group I was treated with an 10% infusion of A. catechu; group II was treated with 12.5% infusion of A. catechu; group III was treated with a 15% infusion of A. catechu; group IV was treated with a 17.5% infusion of A. catechu; group V was treated with 20% infusion of A. catechu; group VI was treated with a 22.5% infusion of A. catechu; group VII was treated with 25% A. catechu infusion and group VIII as negative control (0.9% NaCl). A. galli mortality is recorded every one hour until worm mortality is 100%. The results were then analyzed using the Reed and Muench method. Based on the in vitro test the infusion of Areca catechu against Ascaridia galli can cause death in worms with an LC 50 calculation of 21. 18%.
IN VITRO DEVELOPMENT OF Ascaridia galli EGGS INTO INFECTIVE EGGS AND LARVAE OF STADIUM 2 (L2) Mubarokah, Wida Wahidah; Kurniasih, Kurniasih; Nurcahyo, Wisnu; Prastowo, Joko
Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 13, No 1 (2019): J. Ked. Hewan
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

The study aimed at finding out the development of Ascaridia galli (A. gall) eggs that were given aerator treatment and those without aerator treatment into infective eggs and L2 through in vitro culture. Each treatments has 108,000 eggs assigned to 8 groups of 1,000; 2,000; 3,000; 4,000; 5,000; 6,000; 7,000; and 8,000 eggs, respectively with 3 repetitions. Female A. galli were collected from the small intestinal lumen of naturally infected domestic chickens. The eggs collected from the uterus of adult female A. galli were incubated in sterile aquadest at ambient temperature for 45 days (without aerator) and 25 days (with aerator) to obtain the infective eggs and the L2. The number of the infective eggs and hatched L2 were counted under stereo microscope. Data were analysed descriptively. There were 97.740 eggs (90.5%) in the groups without aerator developed into infective eggs and 77,040 eggs (71.3%) developed into the L2. Meanwhile, there were 101,847 eggs (94.3%) in the groups with the aerator developed into the infective eggs and88.722 eggs (82.15%) hatched L2. It is concluded that the eggs collected from worms uterus had high viability and the aerator application shortened the developing period of the A. galli worms.