Kurniawan, Tikkyrino
Balai Besar Riset Sosial Eonomi Kelautan dan Perikanan

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HUBUNGAN ANTARA MODAL SOSIAL DAN RESPONS MASYARAKAT DENGAN PERSEPSI EFEKTIFITAS KELEMBAGAAN PENGELOLAAN PERIKANAN DI WADUK MALAHAYU, JAWA TENGAH Tajerin, Tajerin; Kurniawan, Tikkyrino; Nasution, Zahri
Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Kelautan dan Perikanan Vol 7, No 1 (2012): Juni (2012)
Publisher : Balai Besar Riset Sosial Eonomi Kelautan dan Perikanan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (592.91 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/jsekp.v7i1.5739

Abstract

Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk melihat hubungan antara modal sosial dan respons masyarakat  dengan persepsi efektifitas kelembagaan pengelolaan perikanan di Waduk Malahayu di Kabupaten Brebes, Jawa Tengah. Metode penelitian menggunakan metode survei. Pengambilan responden dilakukan secara proportional random sampling. Analisis data dilakukan secara deskriptif serta diuji dengan pendekatan non parametrik Uji Perbedaan Mann-Whitnet-U dan Uji Korelasi Pearson’s Product Moment. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat perbedaan yang nyata dalam perubahan efektifitas kelembagaan antara sebelum dan setelah program penguatan kapasitas masyarakat. Hal ini mengindikasikan penguatan kapasitas masyarakat memiliki peran yang positif dan nyata terhadap perubahan efektifitas kelembagaan pengelolaan perikanan Waduk Malahayu yang meningkat. Respons masyarakat mengenai penguatan kapasitas berhubungan positif dan nyata dengan perubahan efektifitas kelembagaan yang dimediasi modal sosial masyarakat, terutama yang didorong oleh perasaan saling mempercayai dan rasa aman, toleransi dan kebhinekaan, dan nilai hidup dan kehidupan. Kecenderungan ini menunjukkan pentingnya memupuk perasaan saling mempercayai dan rasa aman, toleransi dan kebhinekaan, dan nilai hidup dan kehidupan sebagai bagian dari upaya rekayasa sosial, khususnya dalam meningkatkan efektifitas kelembagaanpengelolaan perikanan waduk yang memberikan jaminan keberlanjutannya.Tittle: The Relationship Between Social Capital and Community Respons with Perception of Fishereis Management Institutions Efectiveness in Malahayu Reservoir, Central Java.Research looked at the relationship between social capital and community response to the perception of the effectiveness of institutional management of fisheries in the reservoir Malahayu, Brebes, Central Java. The method used by survey method. Respondents selected by proportional random sampling. The data were analyzed by descriptively and tested with a non paramterik difference Test Mann-Whitnet-U and Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation test. The results showed that there were significant differences in the effectiveness of institutional change between before and after a community capacity building program. This indicates a strengthening of the capacity of the community has a positive and a real role to change the institutional effectiveness of reservoir fisheries management Malahayu increased. The response of the public on capacity building and real positively associated with changes in institutional effectiveness dimedasi social capital, primarily driven by a sense of trust and security, tolerance and diversity, and the value of life and living. This trend shows the importance of a sense of trust and security, tolerance and diversity, and the value of life and living as part of the social engineering efforts, especially in increasing the effectiveness of reservoir fisheries management institutions to guarantee its sustainability.
DAMPAK PERUBAHAN IKLIM TERHADAP PETANI TAMBAK GARAM DI KABUPATEN SAMPANG DAN SUMENEP Kurniawan, Tikkyrino; Azizi, Achmad
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 14, No 3 (2012)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (455.356 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v14i3.103

Abstract

The Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (MMAF) has proclaimed Salt Self-Suficiency since 2011 and established Salt Producing Community Empowerment Program (PUGAR) under the Directorate General of Coastal Marine and Small Islands (KP3K) to support it. This article was based on a research conducted in Sampang and Sumenep Districts from February to August 2012. Data was collected by using purposive sampling and analysed by descriptive method. Climate gives huge contribution to salt production because the process uses evaporation techniques onto salt ponds that depends on the weather and climate. Rainfall is one of the decreased of elements that influence salt production. The research shows that without an adaptation strategy, the rain might cause significant reduction in salt production. In addition, strong winds and hurricanes destroy the indmills and salt warehouses; tide high waves damages the ponds; and soil abrasion will reduce the number of salt ponds. This research recommends an adaptation strategy based on the knowledge about climate that can be used to forecast the volume of salt import and to determine the time frame and the amount of PUGAR needed. Keywords: climate impact, salt farmers, dry season, forecasting, adaptation strategy.
IDENTIFIKASI PERMASALAHAN DAN PELUANG PERBAIKAN PENGEMBANGAN KAWASAN MINAPOLITAN DI KABUPATEN GOWA Apriliani, Tenny; Kurniawan, Tikkyrino; Hikmah, Hikmah
Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Kelautan dan Perikanan Vol 6, No 2 (2011): DESEMBER (2011)
Publisher : Balai Besar Riset Sosial Eonomi Kelautan dan Perikanan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (881.821 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/jsekp.v6i2.5768

Abstract

Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan (KKP) telah menetapkan kebijakan pengembangan kawasan minapolitan di perdesaan. Minapolitan menjadi relevan dengan wilayah pengembangan perdesaan karena pada umumnya sektor perikanan dan pemanfaatan sumberdaya perikanan merupakan mata pencaharian utama dari sebagian besar masyarakat. Penerapan kebijakan ini menghadapi berbagai hambatan dan tantangan dalam pengembangannya. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan tujuan mengidentifikasi permasalahan yang dihadapi serta peluang perbaikan pengembangan kawasan minapolitan di Kabupaten Gowa. Penelitian dilakukan pada bulan Agustus dan Oktober Tahun 2010. Jenis data yang digunakan berupa data primer dan sekunder. Data yang dikumpulkan diolah dan dianalisa secara deskriptif. Beberapa permasalahan utama yang dihadapi dalam pengembangan minapolitan adalah terkait dengan aspek infrastruktur dan pemasaran. Permasalahan tersebut perlu segera ditindaklanjuti diantaranya berupa perbaikan dan pengadaan infrastruktur seperti irigasi dan jalan serta peran aktif dari pemerintah baik pusat maupun daerah untuk memberikan informasi pasar kepada pembudidaya. Tittle:Identification of Problems and Opportunities for Improving the Minapolitan Area  Development in the Regency of GowaMinistry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (MMAF) has established a policy called Minapolitan in the rural areas development. Minapolitan is relevant to the development of rural areas because in general the fisheries sector and utilization of fishery resources is a major livelihood of most people. Implementation of this policy is facing various obstacles and challenges in its development. Therefore this study was to conducted to identify problems faced and opportunities for improvement in the development MInapolitan in Gowa region. This research was conducted in August and October 2010. Primary and secondary data were used in this study. Data collected were processed and analyzed descriptively. Several major problems faced in the development Minapolitan were related to infrastructure and marketing. The problem need to be immediately followed up in the form of maintaining and developing infrastructure, such as irrigation and roads, and encouraging active role of both central and local government to establish market information to fish farmers.
KONTRIBUSI SEKTOR PERIKANAN DALAM PEMBANGUNAN WILAYAH KABUPATEN ROTE NDAO: PENDEKATAN LOCATION QUOTIENT (LQ) DAN SHIFT SHARE (SS) Luhur, Estu Sri; Suryawati, Siti Hajar; Kurniawan, Tikkyrino
Buletin Ilmiah Marina Sosial Ekonomi Kelautan dan Perikanan Vol 5, No 1 (2019): JUNI 2019
Publisher : Balai Besar Riset Sosial Ekonomi Kelautan dan Perikanan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (395.669 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/marina.v5i1.7712

Abstract

Kabupaten Rote Ndao terletak di Pulau Rote yang merupakan salah satu kawasan pulau-pulau terluar yang memiliki nilai strategis kedaulatan negara dan memiliki potensi sumberdaya kelautan dan perikanan besar yang harus dikelola secara optimal untuk kesejahteraan masyarakat. Studi ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis kontribusi sektor perikanan sebagai sektor unggulan dalam pembangunan wilayah Kabupaten Rote Ndao. Jenis data yang digunakan adalah data sekunder dari Produk Domestik Regional Bruto (PDRB) Kabupaten Rote Ndao Tahun 2013-2016. Alat analisis yang digunakan adalah Location Quotient (LQ) dan Shift Share (SS). Hasil analisis LQ menunjukkan bahwa sektor perikanan merupakan sektor basis dan unggulan bagi Kabupaten Rote Ndao dengan tingkat spesialisasi yang tinggi (2,16). Hasil analisis SS menunjukkan bahwa sektor perikanan di Kabupaten Rote Ndao masih memberikan kontribusi yang cukup besar bagi perekonomian Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur, tetapi memiliki keunggulan kompetitif yang rendah (Rp - 269.889 juta) terhadap sektor perikanan di Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur. Rekomendasi kebijakan yang disarankan adalah: 1) peningkatan produk domestik regional bruto (PDRB) dengan mengembangkan sektor perikanan yang berorientasi pada pasar luar daerah atau luar negeri; dan 2) sektor perikanan perlu ditingkatkan daya saing atau keunggulan kompetitifnya melalui pembangunan industri perikanan (hulu – hilir) yang berkelanjutan.  Title: Contribution of Fisheries Sector in Regional Development of Rote Ndao Regency: Location Quotient (LQ) and Shift Share (SS) ApproachRote Ndao District is located on Rote Island, which is one of the outermost islands that has a strategic value of state sovereignty and has a potential resources of marine and fisheries that must be managed optimally for the welfare of society. This study aims to analyze the fishery sector as a leading sector in regional development of Rote Ndao District. The method used is secondary data from Gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP) of Rote Ndao District in 2013-2016. The analysis tool used is the analysis of Location Quotient (LQ) and Shift Share (SS). The result of LQ analysis shows that the fisheries sector is a base and superior sector with a high level of specialization (2,16). The result of SS analysis shows that fisheries sector still contributes quite significantly to Nusa Tenggara Timur Province, but it had low competitive advantage (Rp - 269.889 billion) over the same sector at the economic level of Nusa Tenggara Timur Province. Policy recommendations from this study are: 1) increasing the regional economic growth by developing the fisheries sector with outside or foreign market oriented; and 2) increasing the fisheries competitiveness and advantageous through the development of a sustainable fisheries industry.