Kusuma, Reni M.
Asosiasi Institusi Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia
Articles
2
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PENGARUH PEMBELAJARAN KOOPERATIF TIPE JIGSAW TERHADAP PENGETAHUAN DAN SIKAP MAHASISWA DALAM MANAJEMEN ASFIKSIA BAYI BARU LAHIR

Jurnal Ilmu Kebidanan (Journal of Midwivery Science) Vol 1, No 2: Agustus 2013
Publisher : Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan AKBIDYO

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Abstract

Latar belakang: Mahasiswa Diploma III Kebidanan dituntut untuk menguasai manajemen asfiksia bayi baru lahir. Metode Student Centered Learning salah satunya metode pembelajaran kooperatif tipe Jigsaw terbukti mampu meningkatkan hasil belajar, melatih berpikir kritis, dan mengembangkan kecerdasan sosial mahasiswa.Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh pembelajaran kooperatif tipe Jigsaw terhadap pen- ingkatan pengetahuan dan sikap mahasiswa dalam mempelajari manajemen asfiksia bayi baru lahir.Metode: Rancangan penelitian adalah kuasi eksperimen dengan menghadirkan kelompok kontrol. Pengambilan data dari pre-test dan post-test. Instrumen penelitian untuk pengetahuan menggunakan soal pilihan ganda dan untuk sikap menggunakan kuesioner dengan skala Likert. Populasi target mahasiswa Diploma III Kebidanan se- mester III yang mendapatkan materi manajemen asfiksia bayi baru lahir. Sampel adalah mahasiswa Diploma III Kebidanan semester III yang mendapatkan materi manajemen asfiksia bayi baru lahir di Stikes A. Yani Yogyakarta. Teknik sampling menggunakan total sampling.Hasil: Hasilnya pengetahuan mahasiswa yang mengikuti metode pembelajaran kooperatif tipe Jigsaw meningkat sebesar 63% (p<0,001) dan pada pembelajaran konvensional ceramah hanya meningkat sebesar 45% (p<0,001), sehingga adanya perbedaan bermakna pada peningkatan pengetahuan (p=0,002). Sikap mahasiswa yang mengi- kuti metode pembelajaran kooperatif tipe Jigsaw juga meningkat sebesar 13,3% (p<0,001) sedangkan mahasiswa yang mengikuti pembelajaran konvensional ceramah hanya mengalami peningkatan sebesar 8,5% (p<0,001). Per- bedaan peningkatan sikap pada kedua kelompok didapatkan bermakna (p=0,001).Simpulan: Pengetahuan dan sikap mahasiswa yang mengikuti metode pembelajaran kooperatif tipe Jigsaw menja- di lebih baik daripada mahasiswa yang hanya mengikuti pembelajaran konvensional berupa ceramah. Peningkatan tersebut dikarenakan adanya peran aktif mahasiswa dalam proses pembelajaran.ABSTRACTBackground: Student of Diploma III Midwifery is demanded to master new born asphyxia management. Student Centered Learning method as one of cooperative learning Jigsaw type has been verified to improve study achieve- ment, to practice critical thinking, and to develop student’s social quotients.Objective: This researchhas an aim to analyze the influence of cooperative learning type Jigsaw on the improve- mentof student’s knowledge and attitude in studying new born asphyxia management.Method: Research design is quasi-experiment with control group. Data are taken from pre-test and post-test. Research instrument for knowledge uses multiple choice questions. Research instrument for attitude uses ques- tionairewith Likert scale. Target population are students of Diploma III Midwifery semester III who aregetting new born asphyxia management materials. Sample are students of Diploma III Midwifery semester III who are getting new born asphyxia management materials at Health College A. Yani Yogyakarta. Techniquesampling usestotal sampling.Result: The result isthe knowledge of students who follow method of cooperative learning Jigsaw type improve to 63% (p<0.001), while the knowledge of students who follow conventional learning with speech type only improve to 45% (p<0,001). Therefore, there is significant differencein knowledge improvement (p=0,002). Students’ attitude who follow method of coopérative learning Jigsaw type also improve to 13,3% (p<0,001), while students who follow conventional learning with speech typeonly improve8,5% (p<0,001). The different improvement attitude on both groups is significant (p=0,001).Conclution: The conclution is the knowledge and attitude of students who follow method of coopeartive learning Jigsaw type are better than students who follow conventional learning speech type. The improvement is caused by the students’ active rôle in learning procès.

Peningkatan Kompetensi Manajemen Asfiksia Bayi Baru Lahir Melalui Metode Cooperative-Learning

Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia: The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education Vol 3, No 3 (2014): NOVEMBER
Publisher : Asosiasi Institusi Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia

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Abstract

Background: The competence of asphyxia management on newborn baby is essential for midwife. The quality of learning process should be improved by applying interactive learning method. The cooperative learning method is often applied to enhance the effectiveness of clinical learning process. The purpose of this research was to analyze the influence of cooperative learning on competence which consists of student’s knowledge, attitude, and skill in comparison to teacher-centered learning method.Method: This is quasi-experimental research with control group pre-test and post-test design Samples were third semester students at Stikes A. Yani Yogyakarta. The samples were 80 students in cooperative learning group and 90 students in teacher-centered learning group.Result: The result showed that  there was an improvement of knowledge in cooperative learning group compared to teacher-centered learning group (p=0.002). The improvement od student’s attitude in cooperative learning group was significantly higher than teacher-centered learning group (p=0.001). In the field of skills, cooperative group, although not significant (p=0.671). The competence was significantly higher in cooperative learning group rather than in teacher-centered learning group (p=0.027). Correlation between competence and method of learning was weak (rpbi  = 0.134, p= 0.041).Conclusion: Cooperative learning method is proven to be improve student’s knowledge, attitude and skills. The difference is not significant for skills domain. Cooperative learning method is proven to improve student’s competence in carrying out the management of newborn babies asphyxia, even though the correlation is weak.