Che Razali, Che Munira
Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

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The use of radial basis function and non-linear autoregressive exogenous neural networks to forecast multi-step ahead of time flood water level Faruq, Amrul; Abdullah, Shahrum Shah; Marto, Aminaton; Abu Bakar, Mohd Anuar; Mohd Hussein, Shamsul Faisal; Che Razali, Che Munira
International Journal of Advances in Intelligent Informatics Vol 5, No 1 (2019): March 2019
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26555/ijain.v5i1.280

Abstract

Many different Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) models of flood have been developed for forecast updating. However, the model performance, and error prediction in which forecast outputs are adjusted directly based on models calibrated to the time series of differences between observed and forecast values, are very interesting and challenging task. This paper presents an improved lead time flood forecasting using Non-linear Auto Regressive Exogenous Neural Network (NARXNN), which shows better performance in term of forecast precision and produces minimum error compared to neural network method using Radial Basis Function (RBF) in examined 12-hour ahead of time. First, RBF forecasting model was employed to predict the flood water level of Kelantan River at Kuala Krai, Kelantan, Malaysia. The model is tested for 1-hour and 7-hour ahead of time water level at flood location. The same analysis has also been taken by NARXNN method. Then, a non-linear neural network model with exogenous input promoted with enhancing a forecast lead time to 12-hour. Both about the performance comparison has briefly been analyzed. The result verified the precision of error prediction of the presented flood forecasting model.